IAS Gyan

Daily News Analysis


16th May, 2023 Science and Technology

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  • The capital ‘T’ in ChatGPT, for example, stands for ‘transformer’.
  • Transformer models constitute the best approach for image classification, object detection and segmentation, action recognition, and a host of other tasks.

CHATGPT: https://www.iasgyan.in/daily-current-affairs/chatgpt

What is ChatGPT?

  • It is a powerful language model that has the potential to revolutionize the way we interact with and utilize artificial intelligence in our daily lives.
  • Its ability to generate human-like text allows it to assist with a wide range of tasks that involve language processing, making it a valuable tool for businesses, researchers, and individuals alike.
  • It is a text-generating tool that generates human-like text based on prompts or information provided to it.
  • It is an AI tool that uses Natural Language Processing Program and Reinforcement Learning with Human Feedback to work as a model which is easy for all individuals.

Features of ChatGPT

  1. Human-like Text-With its Natural Language Processing program, ChatGPT produces text that appears human. When a user interacts with this AI, they wouldn’t know whether a human is behind that or an AI.
  2. Interactive Responses-Because it works on Reinforcement Learning with the Human Feedback model, it can generate responses interactively. This feature makes it inherently unique as it will constantly evolve and adapt as per the feedback provided and make it an application that will create long-lasting users.
  3. Translation of Texts-There are over 7000 languages in the world, and though English is the most widely used, this application helps in translating texts. With the technology constantly evolving, ChatGPT translate text from one language to another, making it easier for its users.
  4. Summarisation-People are really busy these days and don’t have time to read 10 pages long reports; thus, it summarise long texts. This would simplify a person’s work and save time.
  5. Personalized Content-With its advancement in machine learning algorithms, it can provide accurate and customized answers for a user leading to increased user engagement and conversions for businesses.

How is ChatGPT Different From other AIs?

  • ChatGPT, with its Natural Language Processing program and Reinforcement Learning with Human Feedback, can process language using a deep learning technology called the Transformer architecture.
  • This makes it more able to understand and appropriately react to user input. It can also generate apt responses to user inquiries without the need for predefined answers.

Applications for ChatGPT

  • Content Creation-It can be used for writing, content creation, etc. For example, it can help one write an essay for their school work or any other writing task one may have.
  • Customer Service Industry-It can be used for building chatbots, customer service, and virtual assistants. With its almost human-like responses, it can be used as a chatbot to help aid the customers and would be cost-effective as a company wouldn’t have to pay for customer service representatives.
  • Conduct Interviews-With its ability to give tailored answers, it can be used to conduct interviews and ask questions based on the answers given by the applicants.
  • Virtual Assistants-It can be used as a virtual assistant to plan schedules, set appointments and reminders, etc.
  • Straightforward Answers-It can comprehend and respond to various language inputs, and it can help find straightforward and uncluttered answers to a user’s questions.
  • Digital Marketing-Because of its ability to learn from human feedback, ChatGPT can be used to create engaging and unique content for the ads of any company leading to higher conversion rates and customer interaction.
  • Educational Purposes-With its Natural Language Processing tool and its ability to understand complex sentences and frame them in a simple format would make it very useful for the education sector. This would make learning easier and more interactive for the students. Students could also clarify their doubts and save time.

About Transformers

  • Transformers are an architecture that has today gained popularity across all modalities: image, audio, and language.
  • Transformers are proposed for the task of translating a sentence from one language to another, similar to what Google Translate does when converting from, say, English to Hindi.


  • A transformer is a two-part neural network. The first part is an ‘encoder’ that ingests the input sentence in the source language (e.g. English); the second is a ‘decoder’ that generates the translated sentence in the target language (Hindi).
  • The encoder converts each word in the source sentence to an abstract numerical form that captures the meaning of the word within the context of the sentence, and stores it in a memory bank. Just like a person would write or speak, the decoder generates one word at a time referring to what has been generated so far and by looking back at the memory bank to find the appropriate word. Both these processes use a mechanism called ‘attention’, hence the name of the paper.
  • A key improvement over previous methods is the ability of a transformer to translate long sentences or paragraphs correctly.
  • The adoption of transformers subsequently exploded. The capital ‘T’ in ChatGPT, for example, stands for ‘transformer’.
  • Today, transformer models constitute the best approach for image classification, object detection and segmentation, action recognition, and a host of other tasks.


Q. ChatGPT has the potential to revolutionize the way we interact with and utilize artificial intelligence in our daily lives. What is ChatGPT? What are the main features and benefits of ChatGPT?