IAS Gyan

Daily News Analysis


24th December, 2021 History


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  • A monument at a Hong Kong university that was the best-known public remembrance of the Tiananmen Square massacre on Chinese soil was removed, wiping out the city’s last place of public commemoration of the bloody 1989 crackdown.



  • The Tiananmen Square protests, known as the June Fourth Incident in China, were student-led demonstrations held in Tiananmen Square, Beijing during 1989.
  • Troops armed with assault rifles and accompanied by tanks fired at the demonstrators and those trying to block the military's advance into Tiananmen Square.
  • Estimates of the death toll vary from several hundred to several thousands.
  • The popular national movement inspired by the Beijing protests is sometimes called the '89 Democracy Movement.
  • It was a pivotal moment at which a divided Communist Party leadership decided to suppress the democracy movement rather than allow it to grow.


‘Pillar of Shame’

  • There is more than one Pillar of Shame. It is a series of works by Danish sculptor Jens Galschioet, all the same height.
  • They have been erected in Hong Kong, Mexico and Brazil, and are designed to remind people of events to ensure they don’t happen again.
  • The one in Hong Kong, which marks the Tiananmen crackdown, depicts a mass of torn and twisted bodies in a tall pile.
  • Its removal is testament to the ruling Communist Party’s efforts to erase the bloody events of that day from the public consciousness.