IAS Gyan

Daily News Analysis


14th May, 2024 Geography


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Picture Courtesy: https://www.euronews.com/2024/04/29/scotlands-first-minister-quits-rather-than-face-no-confidence-vote 

Context: The First Minister of Scotland resigned over climate action targets.


  • The resignation of Scotland's First Minister Humza Yousaf and the collapse of the Bute House power-sharing agreement between the Scottish Government and the Scottish Green Party were largely prompted by the Scottish National Party's (SNP) decision to scrap immediate climate action targets, which was a key aspect of the cooperation agreement between the two parties.

About Scotland

  • Scotland is a country within the United Kingdom.
  • It occupies nearly one-third of the land area of the United Kingdom and is located in the northern part of the island of Great Britain.
  • It is surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean to the north and west, the North Sea to the northeast and east, and the Irish Sea to the south.
  • Ben Nevis, located in the Highlands, is the highest peak in the British Isles, standing at 4,413 feet.
  • Scotland is renowned for its stunning lochs (lakes), such as Loch Ness, Loch Lomond, and Loch Awe.
  • Scotland's climate is temperate and oceanic, influenced by the Gulf Stream.
  • The west of Scotland is warmer than the east due to Atlantic Ocean currents.
  • Rainfall varies across the country, with the western highlands being the wettest and some lowland areas receiving less precipitation.
  • Scotland's wildlife includes typical north-west European species, with notable animals such as seals, seabirds, and the golden eagle.
  • Scotland's flora comprises deciduous and coniferous woodlands, moorland, and tundra species, with a diverse bryophyte flora.


The Hindu



Q. Scotland shares a land border with another well-known country.  If you were to travel south from Scotland, you'd eventually reach the border of:

A) France

B) Germany

C) Ireland

D) England

Answer: D