IAS Gyan

Daily News Analysis


23rd July, 2022 Social Issues

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In News

    The Union Government is implementing several schemes/programs to ensure welfare, rehabilitation, empowerment, education and generating employment opportunities for destitute women

    • SwadharGreh Scheme aims to provide shelter, food, clothing, counselling, training, clinical and legal, and rehabilitation in difficult circumstances; homeless due to family discord, crime, violence, mental stress, social ostracism or are being forced into prostitution, etc.
    • A Home for widows has been set up in Vrindavan, Uttar Pradesh to provide a safe place to stay, health services, nutritious food, and legal and counselling services.
    • Beti Bachao Beti Padhao, to address the declining Child Sex Ratio.
    • PM Matru Vandana Yojana (PMMVY) Providing Cash incentives for improved health and nutrition to pregnant and nursing mothers.
    • Scheme for Adolescent Girls aims at girls in the age group 11-18, to empower and improve their social status through nutrition, life skills, home skills and vocational training
    • Pradhan Mantri Mahila Shakti Kendra Scheme to promote community participation through the involvement of Student Volunteers for the empowerment of rural women
    • National Creche Scheme to provide daycare facilities to children of the age group of 6 months to 6 years of working women who are employed.
    • Rashtriya Mahila Kosh (RMK) to provide micro-credit to poor women for various livelihood support and income-generating activities at concessional terms.
    • Ujjawala is a Comprehensive Scheme for the prevention of trafficking and rescue, rehabilitation, reintegration and repatriation of victims of trafficking for commercial sexual exploitation.
    • Working Women Hostels for ensuring a safe accommodation for women working away from their place of residence.
    • One-Stop Centre (OSC) and Women Helpline (WH) are being implemented to facilitate access to an integrated range of services including medical aid, police assistance, legal aid/ case management, psychosocial counselling and temporary support services to women affected by violence.
    • Gender Budgeting Scheme is being implemented as a tool for mainstreaming gender perspective at various stages of planning, budgeting, implementation, impact assessment and revisiting of policy/programme objectives and allocations.
    • Panic Button on Mobile Phones.
    • Emergency Response Support System Set up under Nirbhaya Fund.
    • Mahila Police Volunteers, to report the incidences of violence against women.
    • Inclusion of Acid Attack as a disability.
    • Training for Women Heads of Panchayats.
    • Extending Maternity Leave duration From 12 weeks to 26 weeks.
    • Rashtriya Mahila Kosh, Providing micro-credit to Poor women through NGOs, SHGs.
    • Mahila e-Haat, online digital marketing Platform for women.
    • New Passport Rules, Submission of the father's name is not mandatory, Does not need to submit her/his marriage/divorce Certificates.
    • Dowry Prohibition Act, 1961, Penalizes Giving and taking.
    • SABLA Scheme, Providing life Skills and Supplementary nutrition to out-of-school girls.
    • Sexual Harassment electronic-Box (SHe-Box).
    • The national database on Sexual offenders includes the name, addresses, photographs and fingerprint details of those Convicted in Sexual assault Cases.