PRADHAN MANTRI MATSYA SAMPADA YOJNA
12th September, 2022 POLITY AND GOVERNANCE
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- Pradhan Mantri Matsya Sampada Yojana (PMMSY) completed 2 years.
Pradhan Mantri Matsya Sampada Yojana
- It is a flagship scheme for focused and sustainable development of the fisheries sector in the country with an estimated investment of Rs. 20,050 crores for its implementation during 5 years from FY 2020-21 to FY 2024-25 in all States/Union Territories, as a part of AatmaNirbhar Bharat Package.
- The PMMSY is an umbrella scheme with two separate components namely;
- Central Sector Scheme.
- Centrally Sponsored Scheme (CSS).
- The Centrally Sponsored Scheme (CSS) Component is further segregated into Non-beneficiary oriented and beneficiary-orientated subcomponents/activities under the following three broad heads:
- Enhancement of Production and Productivity
- Infrastructure and Post-harvest Management
- Fisheries Management and Regulatory Framework
- Under CSS
- North Eastern & Himalayan States: 90% Central share and 10% State share.
- Other States: 60% Central share and 40% State share.
- Union Territories (with the legislature and without legislature): 100% Central share.
- The PMMSY would be implemented through the following agencies:
- Central Government and its entities including National Fisheries Development Board
- State/UT Governments and their entities
- State Fisheries Development Boards
- Any other End Implementing Agencies as decided by the Department of Fisheries.
- PMMSY is designed to address critical gaps in fish production and productivity, quality, technology, post-harvest infrastructure and management, modernization and strengthening of the value chain, traceability, establishing a robust fisheries management framework and fishers’ welfare.
- While aiming to consolidate the achievements of the Blue Revolution Scheme, PMMSY envisages many new interventions such as;
- fishing vessel insurance,
- support for new/up-gradation of fishing vessels/boats, Bio-toilets,
- Aquaculture in saline/alkaline areas, Sagar Mitras, FFPOs/Cs,
- Nucleus Breeding Centres,
- Fisheries and Aquaculture start-ups,
- Integrated Aqua parks,
- Integrated coastal fishing villages development etc
- PMMSY scheme primarily focuses on adopting ‘Cluster or Area based approaches’ and the creation of Fisheries clusters through backward and forward linkages.
- Special focus will be given to employment generation activities such as seaweed and ornamental fish cultivation.
- It emphasizes interventions for quality brood, seed and feed, special focus on species diversification, critical infrastructure, marketing networks etc.
- Fish production is likely to be enhanced from 13.75 million metric tons (2018-19) to 22 million metric tons by 2024-25.
- A sustained average annual growth of about 9% in fish production is expected.
- An increase in the contribution of the GVA of the fisheries sector to the Agriculture GVA from 7.28% in 2018-19 to about 9% by 2024-25.
- Double export earnings from the present Rs.46,589 crores (2018-19) to about Rs.1,00,000 crores by 2024-25.
- Enhancement of productivity in aquaculture from the present national average of 3 tons to about 5 tons per hectare.
- Reduction of post-harvest losses from the reported 20-25% to about 10%.
- Doubling of incomes of fishers and fish farmers.
- Generation of about 15 lakhs direct gainful employment opportunities and thrice the number as indirect employment opportunities along the supply and value chain.
- Enhancement of domestic fish consumption from about 5 kg to about 12 kg per capita.
- Encouragement of private investment and facilitation of growth of entrepreneurship in the fisheries sector.