IAS Gyan

Daily News Analysis


31st July, 2023 Environment

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  • Scientists from the Botanical Survey of India (BSI) Prayagraj Centre discovered a new plant species named Pedicularis Revealiana in the state of Sikkim.


Genus and Species Information

  • Pedicularis revealiana belongs to the genus Pedicularis, commonly known as lousewort or Indian warrior.
  • The genus Pedicularis includes about 677 species worldwide, with 82 species, 13 subspecies, and nine varieties reported in India.
  • Pedicularis revealiana is the 83rd species reported by botanists.

Distinctive Characteristics

  • Unique among all Pedicularis species.
  • It has stout and woody stems and bears minute flowers of pinkish-purple color.
  • Classified as a hemiparasitic plant species, it can gather nutrients from the roots of nearby trees and plants while also making its own food.

Habitat and Distribution

  • Found in remote forests that are covered with snow for most of the year.
  • Native to the Himalayan region, specifically found in parts of India and Nepal.
  • Commonly found in alpine meadows, rocky slopes, and open areas with well-drained soil.

Conservation Significance

  • As a perennial herbaceous plant, Pedicularis revealiana may play an important role in the ecosystem, providing habitat and food sources for various wildlife, insects, and pollinators.
  • Comprehensive scientific studies and assessments are required to fully understand its ecological role and conservation status.


Q. Which of the following statements about Pedicularis Revealiana is correct?

A) It is a parasitic plant species.

B) The plant is commonly known as Indian warrior.

C) It has white-colored flowers.

D) The plant’s discovery was made in Kolkata.

Answer: B)