IAS Gyan

Daily News Analysis

Organization of Islamic Cooperation                                                                                

22nd December, 2021 International Relations

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Context: A meeting of foreign ministers from the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation agreed to establish a humanitarian trust fund to address the growing economic crisis in Afghanistan which has left millions facing hunger over the winter.

  • The fund will be set up under the Islamic Development Bank to channel aid to Afghanistan in coordination with other groups.

About Islamic Development Bank:

  • It is a multilateral development finance institution that is focused on Islamic finance located in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.
  • There are 57 shareholding member states with the largest single shareholder being Saudi Arabia.
  • The IDB is an observer at the United Nations General Assembly.

About Organisation of Islamic Cooperation

  • It was formerly known as the Organisation of the Islamic Conference.
  • It is an international organization founded in 1969, consisting of 57 member states, with 49 countries being Muslim-majority countries.
  • The organisation states that it is "the collective voice of the Muslim world" and works to "safeguard and protect the interests of the Muslim world in the spirit of promoting international peace and harmony".
  • The OIC has permanent delegations to the United Nations and the European


India and OIC:

  • Islam is the second-largest religion in India after Hinduism, with over 200 million Muslims making up approximately 15% of the country's total population.
  • India has the largest Muslim population outside of Muslim-majority or Islamic states.
  • However, India's relationship with Pakistan, has been riddled with hostilities and armed conflict since the 1947 Partition of India.
  • The poor relationship between the two states has had a direct impact on India–OIC relations due to Pakistan's status as a founding member of the organization.
  • India has pushed for the OIC to accept it as a member state, arguing that Indian Muslims comprise 11% of the world's total Muslim population; Pakistan has staunchly opposed the entry of India into the organization.
  • Pakistan has cited its conflict with India over the Kashmir region as the reason for its opposition, and frequently accuses India of perpetrating widespread human rights abuses against Kashmiris in the Indian-administered territory of Jammu and Kashmir, which has witnessed an ongoing militant uprising since the 1980s.