IAS Gyan

Daily News Analysis

Organisation of Islamic Cooperation

14th December, 2022 International Relations

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Context:  India strongly condemned the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) saying the organisation had “lost its credibility”.  The comment from the Ministry of External Affairs (MEA) came after OIC Secretary-General Hissein Brahim Taha visited the Line of Control (LoC) from the Pakistani side and was briefed by the situation by the Pakistan military. 




  • The Organisation of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) is the second largest inter-governmental organisation after the United Nations, with the membership of 57 states, covering four continents
  • The OIC is the collective voice of the Muslim world to ensure and safeguard their interest on economic socio and political areas. The OIC has Institutions, which implement its programmes.
  • Its Headquarters is in Jeddah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.


Islamic Summit

  • The Islamic Summit includes Kings, Heads of State and the Governments of Member States, and is the OIC's supreme authority. 
  • It convenes once every three years to deliberate, take policy decisions, provide guidance on issues pertaining to the realization of objectives and consider other issues of concern to Member States and the Ummah.

Council Of Foreign Ministers

  • The Council of Foreign Ministers meets once a yearand considers the means for the implementation of the OIC's general policy by adopting decisions and resolutions on matters of common interest in the implementation of the OIC's objectives and general policy, and reviewing progress in the implementation of decisions and resolutions adopted at previous Islamic Summits and Councils of Foreign Ministers. 
  • The CFM considers and approves the programme


General Secretariat

  • The General Secretariat is the OIC's executive organ and is entrusted with implementing the decisions of the OIC decision- making bodies. 
  • It is led by the Secretary General. 
  • The General Secretariat is composed of several departments that enhance the day-to-day operations of the OIC