NSAIDs TOXICITY TO VULTURES
Disclaimer: Copyright infringement not intended
- DTAB banned two NSAIDs however it did not provide any direction on third non-steroid anti-inflammatory drug.
- In the wake of impact on animal health and the environment, DTAB has given recommendations to set up a committee.
- The committee will prepare a list of such harmful drugs.
- In its 89th meeting DTAB recommended a ban on the manufacture, sale and distribution of two NSAIDs which are Ketoprofen and Aceclofenac.
- In livestock treatment these two drugs are used extensively.
- However DTAB have not recommended anything for Nimesulide, a similar and equally harmful NSAID to vultures.
Need for Ban
- These NSAIDs adversely impact the health and wellbeing of vultures and impact their conservation.
- It is estimated that a volumetric change in vulture population, from 4 crores to just 19,000, is because of widespread and unchecked use of NSAIDs.
Benefits of Vultures for Environment
- It will improve the population of vultures which are known to be scavengers.
- They clean up and improve health of ecosystem by eating dead animals’ body.
- They can also effectively control infection in our ecosystem.
- They are also helpful in averting the risk of water contamination due to the dead animals near water bodies.
- Hence they contribute to the mitigation of disease
Drugs Technical Advisory Board (DTAB)
- It is a statutory body formed under Drugs and Cosmetics Act, 1940.
- It is subordinate to Ministry of Health and Family Welfare and gives advice to Union and state Government on technical matters arising out of the administration of this Act.
- It also advises and takes policy decision on technical matters related to drugs in India.
Non-steroid Anti-inflammatory Drugs
Critically analyse the effectiveness of regulating bodies on health of animals. Discuss the adverse impact of Non-steroid Anti-inflammatory Drugs on overall health of ecosystem. (250 words)