IAS Gyan

Daily News Analysis


23rd June, 2023 Environment

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  • DTAB banned two NSAIDs however it did not provide any direction on third non-steroid anti-inflammatory drug.
  • In the wake of impact on animal health and the environment, DTAB has given recommendations to set up a committee.
  • The committee will prepare a list of such harmful drugs.

Other Details


  • In its 89th meeting DTAB recommended a ban on the manufacture, sale and distribution of two NSAIDs which are Ketoprofen and Aceclofenac.
  • In livestock treatment these two drugs are used extensively.
  • However DTAB have not recommended anything for Nimesulide, a similar and equally harmful NSAID to vultures.

Need for Ban

  • These NSAIDs adversely impact the health and wellbeing of vultures and impact their conservation.
  • It is estimated that a volumetric change in vulture population, from 4 crores to just 19,000, is because of widespread and unchecked use of NSAIDs.

Benefits of Vultures for Environment

  • It will improve the population of vultures which are known to be scavengers.
  • They clean up and improve health of ecosystem by eating dead animals’ body.
  • They can also effectively control infection in our ecosystem.
  • They are also helpful in averting the risk of water contamination due to the dead animals near water bodies.
  • Hence they contribute to the mitigation of disease

Drugs Technical Advisory Board (DTAB)

  • It is a statutory body formed under Drugs and Cosmetics Act, 1940.
  • It is subordinate to Ministry of Health and Family Welfare and gives advice to Union and state Government on technical matters arising out of the administration of this Act.
  • It also advises and takes policy decision on technical matters related to drugs in India.

Non-steroid Anti-inflammatory Drugs

  • These are the therapeutic drug which has effect similar to steroid drugs.
  • These drugs are commonly used to relieve pain and fever.
  • For instance they are taken for an instant relief from headache, body aches, fever, Dental pain, Menstrual cramps, swelling etc.
  • Some examples of such drugs are – Aspirin, Ibuprofen, Nimesulide etc.


Critically analyse the effectiveness of regulating bodies on health of animals. Discuss the adverse impact of Non-steroid Anti-inflammatory Drugs on overall health of ecosystem. (250 words)