IAS Gyan

Daily News Analysis


14th December, 2021 Geography


  • Voters in the French island territory of New Caledonia chose overwhelmingly to remain part of France, in a referendum boycotted by pro-independence forces and closely watched around the South Pacific.


  • New Caledonia is a French territory comprising dozens of islands in the South Pacific.
  • The archipelago, part of the Melanesia subregion, includes the main island of Grande Terre, the Loyalty Islands, the Chesterfield Islands, the Belep archipelago, the Isle of Pines, and a few remote islets.
  • The Chesterfield Islands are in the Coral Sea.
  • New Caledonia is part of Zealandia, a fragment of the ancient Gondwana super-continent.
  • The Diahot River is the longest river of New Caledonia.
  • The mainland is divided in length by a central mountain range whose highest peaks are Mont Panié.
  • The lagoon and the surrounding New Caledonia Barrier Reef was named a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2008 for its exceptional beauty and marine biodiversity.