Daily News Analysis


13th May, 2022 Disaster and Management

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  • The National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA) organised a one-day Consultative workshop for 'Forest Fire Management in India' yesterday in New Delhi in collaboration with the Ministry of Environment, Forests & Climate Change.



  • The NDMA is the apex body for disaster managementin the country.
  • It works under the administrative control of the Union Ministryof Home Affairs.
  • The Government of India, recognizing the importance of disaster management as a national priority, had set up a High Powered Committee in 1999 and a National Committee in 2001 after the Gujarat earthquake, to make recommendations on the preparation of disaster management plans and suggest effective mitigation mechanisms.
  • After the Indian Ocean tsunami of 2004, the Government of India took a defining step in the legislative history of the country by enacting the Disaster Management Act, 2005.
  • The Act provided for the creation of the National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA) to spearhead and implement a holistic and integrated approach to disaster management in the country.
  • The NDMA consists of a chairperson (Prime Minister) and other members, not exceeding nine.


Aims and Objectives

  • To promote a culture of prevention, preparedness and resilienceat all levels through knowledge, innovation and education.
  • To encourage mitigation measures based on technology, traditional wisdomand environmental sustainability.
  • To approve plans prepared by the Ministries or Departments of the Government of Indiain accordance with the National Plan.
  • To mainstream disaster management into the developmental planning
  • To establish institutional and techno-legal frameworks to createan enabling regulatory environment and a compliance regime.
  • To ensure an efficient mechanism for identification, assessment and monitoring of disaster risks.
  • To lay down policies on disaster management.
  • To develop contemporary forecasting and early warning systems backedby responsive and failsafe communication with information technology support.
  • To ensure efficient response and relief with a caring approach towardsthe needs of the vulnerable sections of the society.
  • To undertake reconstruction as an opportunity to build disaster resilient structures and habitat for ensuring safer living.
  • To promote a productive and proactive partnership with the media for disaster management.