IAS Gyan

Daily News Analysis


22nd September, 2023 Security

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  • Israel unveiled its cutting-edge main battle tank, the Merkava Mark 5, known as "Barak," signifying a significant leap in technological advancement and military capability.


Objectives and Significance

Technological Advancement: The Barak tank represents a remarkable achievement in the field of armored warfare, showcasing Israel's commitment to advancing its defense capabilities. This 5th-generation tank builds upon the legacy of earlier Merkava models, incorporating cutting-edge technologies and innovations.

Enhanced Defensive and Offensive Capabilities: The tank's design includes advanced protective measures and digital combat capabilities. It features improved armor, a state-of-the-art missile defense system (Windbreaker), and increased firepower, making it highly effective in modern combat scenarios.

Revolutionary Helmet and Optics: The introduction of the IronVision helmet by Elbit Systems allows the tank crew to have a full view of the tank's surroundings, effectively "seeing through" the tank's armor. This innovation enhances mission effectiveness and crew safety by providing real-time information and 360-degree scanning capabilities.

Networked Sensors: The Barak tank is equipped with a network of sensors designed for target detection. This sensor data can be seamlessly shared with other military units, facilitating improved enemy detection and coordination on the battlefield.

Operational Revolution: The tank's touchscreen interface, advanced optics, and night vision systems contribute to enhanced situational awareness, enabling the crew to operate with the tank fully enclosed. This reduces vulnerability to sniper fire and improves overall operational safety.


  • The development of the Barak tank involved collaboration between the Israeli Defense Ministry's Armored Vehicles Directorate, the IDF's Ground Forces, Armored Corps, and multiple Israeli defense companies, including Elbit Systems, Rafael, and the Israel Aerospace Industries' subsidiary, Elta.

Global Significance

  • The Barak tank's technological advancements and combat capabilities have broader implications for military innovation worldwide. It showcases Israel's prowess in defense technology and may influence the development of future armored vehicles.


Q. Which country recently unveiled its next-generation main battle tank, known as the Merkava Mark 5 or "Barak," incorporating advanced technologies and innovations in armored warfare?

A) United States

B) Israel

C) Russia

D) China

Answer: B) Israel