IAS Gyan

Daily News Analysis

Kaziranga & Spike Missiles

15th July, 2020 Prelims


  • Formed in 1908 on the recommendation of Mary Curzon, the park is located in the edge of the Eastern Himalayan biodiversity hotspots – Golaghat and Nagaon district in Assam
  • In the year 1985, the park was declared as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO.
  • Also, the park is recognized as an Important Bird Area by BirdLife International for the conservation of avifaunal species. Birds like lesser white-fronted goose, ferruginous duck, Baer’s pochard duck and lesser adjutant, greater adjutant, black-necked stork, and Asian Openbill stork specially migrate from the Central Asia during the winter season.
  • The park has successfully managed to grow the population of Greater one-horned rhinoceros, an endangered species.

Spike Missiles:

  • Anti-Tank Guided Missiles
  • Israeli fire-and-forget anti-tank guided missile
  • Destroying targets within the line-of-sight of the launcher ("fire-and-forget")
  • The missile is equipped with an imaging infrared seeker.