IAS Gyan

Daily News Analysis


27th December, 2021 Science and Technology

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• World’s largest and most powerful space telescope has been launched successfully into orbit to make breakthrough discoveries on the origins of the Universe and Earth-like planets beyond our solar system.

• The James Webb Space Telescope (JWST or "Webb") is a joint NASA–ESA–CSA space telescope that will succeed Hubble Space Telescope as NASA's flagship astrophysics mission.
• The new observatory is, however, 100 times more powerful.
• JWST will study various phases in the history of the universe, from the formation of solar systems to the evolution of our own Solar System.
• The telescope must be kept very cold in order to observe in the infrared without interference, so it will be deployed in space near the Sun–Earth L2 Lagrange point.
• And Webb's special orbital path will keep it in constant alignment with the Earth as the planet and telescope circle the sun in tandem.
• Also a large sunshield made of silicon-coated and aluminium-coated Kapton will keep its mirror and instruments below 50 K (−223.2 °C).

• A Lagrange point is a location in space where the combined gravitational forces of two large bodies, such as Earth and the sun or Earth and the moon, equal the centrifugal force felt by a much smaller third body.
• The interaction of the forces creates a point of equilibrium where a spacecraft may be "parked" without coming in the influence of gravitational field of any other body (example Earth or Sun).

• It will see farther into our origins, from the formation of stars and planets, to the birth of the first galaxies in the early Universe.
• It intends to show humans what the Universe looked like even closer to its birth nearly 14 billion years ago.

To know more about Lagrange Points visit: https://www.iasgyan.in/blogs/types-of-orbits-explained