IAS Gyan

Daily News Analysis


11th January, 2024 Security


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Indian Navy's Fast Attack Craft INS Kabra arrived at Colombo, Sri Lanka.


  • INS Kabra is a naval vessel belonging to the Car Nicobar class of high-speed offshore patrol vessels commissioned by the Indian Navy.
  • These vessels, known for their agility and efficiency, are crucial components for patrol, anti-piracy, and rescue operations in India's Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ).


  • Constructed by Garden Reach Shipbuilders and Engineers (GRSE).
  • Part of the Car Nicobar class, named after Indian islands, representing a shift in naval propulsion technology.
  • INS Kabra is named after an island in the Andaman and Nicobar archipelago.
  • Commissioned on 8 June 2011, at the Kochi naval base.

Design Features

  • Fast-Tracking Production:
    • The Car Nicobar class's production was expedited following the 2008 Mumbai attacks, highlighting their strategic importance.
  • Enhanced Habitability:
    • Fully air-conditioned modular accommodation for improved comfort.
    • On-board reverse osmosis plant for desalination.
    • Sewage treatment plant for environmental sustainability.
  • Propulsion System:
    • Three HamiltonJet HM811 water jets for superior maneuverability.
    • MTU 16V 4000 M90 engines providing a combined 8160 KW of power.
    • Aluminum superstructure for weight reduction and reduced radar cross-section.
  • Arms and Armament:
    • Lightly armed for patrol operations.
    • Armament includes a 30mm CRN-91 automatic cannon with electronic day-night fire control system.
    • Additional armament comprises two 12.7mm heavy machine guns and multiple medium machine guns.
    • Equipped with shoulder-launched Igla surface-to-air missiles for aerial threats.
  • Sensors:
    • Fitted with Furuno navigation radar and sonar for enhanced situational awareness.

Operational Significance

  • Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ): Specialized for operations within India's EEZ, ensuring maritime security and surveillance.
  • Patrol and Anti-Piracy: Designed as a cost-effective platform for patrol and anti-piracy missions.
  • Rescue Operations: Capable of supporting rescue operations in maritime environments.


INS Kabra and its Car Nicobar class counterparts exemplify India's commitment to maritime security through the indigenization of naval vessels. Their versatile design, advanced technology, and strategic capabilities make them essential assets for safeguarding India's maritime interests.


Q. Which propulsion technology distinguishes the Car Nicobar class vessels from previous naval vessels in the Indian Navy?

A) Steam Power

B) Sail Technology

C) Water Jet Propulsion

D) Nuclear Propulsion

Correct Answer: C)