IAS Gyan

Daily News Analysis


24th March, 2023 International Relations

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Context: An Inter-Ministerial delegation from India led by Department of Commerce  participated in the second Indo-Pacific Economic Framework for Prosperity (IPEF) negotiating round in Bali, Indonesia.


Highlights of the meet:

  • During the Bali Round, discussions covered all the four pillars of the IPEF: Trade (Pillar I); Supply Chains (Pillar II); Clean Economy (Pillar III); and Fair Economy (Taxation & Anticorruption) - (Pillar IV).
  • India participated in the discussions related to Pillars II to IV. 
  • IPEF Partners undertook in-depth text-based discussions and conducted follow-up conversations as they work to advance a shared vision for an open, connected, prosperous and resilient Indo-Pacific region.

Earlier rounds:

  • First IPEF Round held in Brisbane, Australia, in December 10-15, 2022
  • Special negotiating round held in New Delhi, India from February 8-11, 2023,

About Indo-Pacific Economic Framework for Prosperity (IPEF):


  • In May 2022, the United States launched the Indo-Pacific Economic Framework for Prosperity (IPEF) with Australia, Brunei Darussalam, Fiji India, Indonesia, Japan, the Republic of Korea, Malaysia, New Zealand, Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, and Vietnam.
  • The 14 IPEF partners represent 40 percent of global GDP and 28 percent of global goods and services trade.

Aim and objectives:

  • This framework will advance resilience, sustainability, inclusiveness, economic growth, fairness, and competitiveness for the economies.
  • Through this initiative, the IPEF partners aim to contribute to cooperation, stability, prosperity, development, and peace within the region.
  • This framework will offer tangible benefits that fuel economic activity and investment, promote sustainable and inclusive economic growth, and benefit workers and consumers across the region.  

4 key pillars:

  • The launch began discussions of future negotiations on the following pillars:

(1) Trade;

(2) Supply Chains;

(3) Clean Energy, Decarbonization, and Infrastructure; and

(4) Tax and Anti-Corruption.  

  • The IPEF is designed to be flexible, meaning that IPEF partners are not required to join all four pillars.

Connected Economy:

  • Pursue high-standard rules of the road in the digital economy, including standards on cross-border data flows and data localization.
  • Seize opportunities and address concerns in the digital economy, in order to ensure small and medium sized enterprises can benefit from the region’s rapidly growing e-commerce sector, while addressing issues is such as online privacy and discriminatory and unethical use of Artificial Intelligence.
  • Seek strong labor and environment standards and corporate accountability provisions that promote a race to the top for workers through trade. 

Resilient Economy:  Seek first-of-their-kind supply chain commitments that better anticipate and prevent disruptions in supply chains to create a more resilient economy and guard against price spikes

Clean Economy: Seek first-of-their-kind commitments on clean energy, decarbonization, and infrastructure that promote good-paying jobs.

Fair Economy: Seek commitments to enact and enforce effective tax, anti-money laundering, and anti-bribery regimes that are in line with our existing multilateral obligations to promote a fair economy.


Q) IPEF will advance resilience, sustainability, inclusiveness, economic growth, fairness, and competitiveness for the economies. Analyse this statement from the Indian context. (250 words)