IAS Gyan

Daily News Analysis


30th July, 2022 Social Issues

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In News

  • The Union government has announced that the government is planning to bring a Bill to reform Higher education in India.
  • The government has mentioned that the proposed bill will bring structural change in the regulatory body for college and university-level education, cutting across disciplines.
  • The Bill proposed the setting up of a Higher Education Commission of India (HECI).
  • The main objective of the Bill is to bring the working of the University Grants Commission, AIl India Council for Technical Education and the National Council for Teacher Education under one roof.
  • Government plans to set up one multidisciplinary higher education institute in every district or every alternate district in the country by 2030.
  • On this occasion, the government also launched the “School Innovation Policy” to promote creativity, problem-solving and entrepreneurship skills among students.
    • The government announced that 750 virtual labs in science and mathematics will be set up over the next year.
  • The bill will provide structural support to achieve the targets set under New Education Policy 2020.

Highlights of New Education Policy-2020

  • The National Education Policy (NEP) 2020 was released in July 2020.
  • NEP 2020 will replace the National Policy on Education, 1986.
  • It aims at ensuring Universal Access at All Levels of schooling from pre-primary school to Grade 12.
  • It Ensures quality early childhood care and education for all children between 3-6 years.
  • It introduced a New Curricular and Pedagogical Structure (5+3+3+4).
    • 5 years of foundational stage (for ages 3 to 8).
    • 3 years of preparatory stage (for ages 8 to 11 or classes 3 to 5).
    • 3 years of middle stage (for ages 11 to 14 or classes 6 to 8).
    • 4 years of secondary stage (for ages 14 to 18 or classes 9 to 12).
  • No strict separations between arts and sciences, between curricular and extracurricular activities, and between vocational and academic streams.
  • To establish a National Mission on Foundational Literacy and Numeracy.
  • Promoting multilingualism and Indian languages.
  • Reform in Assessment of Board Exams. Setting up a new National Assessment Centre, PARAKH (Performance Assessment, Review, and Analysis of Knowledge for Holistic Development).
  • Special priority is given to socially and Economically Disadvantaged Groups.
  • A separate Gender Inclusion fund and Special Education Zones for disadvantaged regions and groups;
  • A transparent process for recruitment of teachers and merit-based performance assessment.
  • Ensuring availability of all resources through school complexes and clusters.
  • Setting up of the State School Standards Authority.
  • Promoting Vocational education in school and higher education systems.
  • Increasing Gross Enrolment Ratio (GER) in higher education to 50%.
  • Multidisciplinary Education with multiple entry/exit options.
  • Establishment of Academic Bank of Credit
  • Setting up of Multidisciplinary Education and Research Universities.
  • Setting up of the National Research Foundation.
  • Expansion of open and distance learning to increase GER.
  • Teacher Education - 4-year integrated stage-specific, subject-specific Bachelor of Education
  • All higher education institutions (HEIs) will be restructured into 3 categories:
    • Research universities focus equally on research and teaching.
    • Teaching universities focus primarily on teaching.
    • Degree-granting colleges primarily focused on undergraduate teaching.
  • Multiple mechanisms with checks and balances will combat and stop the commercialization of higher education.
  • All education institutions will be held to similar standards of audit and disclosure as not-for-profit entities.
  • The Centre and the States will work together to increase the public investment in the Education sector to reach 6% of GDP at the earliest.
  • Strengthening of the Central Advisory Board of Education to ensure coordination to bring overall focus on quality education.

 Objectives of NEP 2020

  • Reforms in curriculum content.
  • The medium of instruction should be in the child's local language/mother tongue. The current three-language formula will continue to be implemented.
  • Reform in the overall assessment process
  • Teacher training and management.
  • Ensure effective governance of schools.
  • Increasing Gross Enrolment Ratio to 50% by 2035 (It was 26.3% in 2018).
  • Restructuring of institutions.
  • Multidisciplinary education.
  • Improving research.
  • Promoting Digital education.