IAS Gyan

Daily News Analysis

Guru Ramdas

4th November, 2020 Art & Culture

Context: PM greets people on Parkash Purab of Sri Guru Ramdas Ji

About Sri Guru Ramdas Ji

  • He was the fourth of the ten Gurus of Sikhism.
  • Guru Ram Das is credited with founding the holy city of Amritsar in the Sikh tradition.
  • Ram Das composed 638 hymns, or about ten percent of hymns in the Guru Granth Sahib.
  • He was a celebrated poet, and composed his work in 30 ancient ragas of Indian classical music.
  • Ram Das, along with Amar Das, are credited with various parts of the Anand and Laavan composition in Suhi mode. It is a part of the ritual of four clockwise circumambulation of the Sikh scripture by the bride and groom to solemnize the marriage in Sikh tradition.
  • While Guru Amar Das introduced the manji system of religious organization, Ram Das extended it with adding the masand institution.
  • The masand were Sikh community leaders who lived far from the Guru, but acted to lead the distant congregations, their mutual interactions and collect revenue for Sikh activities and temple building.
  • This institutional organization famously helped grow Sikhism in the decades that followed, but became infamous in the era of later Gurus, for its corruption and its misuse in financing rival Sikh movements in times of succession disputes.