GOAN CASHEW GETS GI TAG
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Picture Courtesy: goemkarponn.com
Context: The Geographical indication (GI) tag for Goan cashews holds significant implications for the cashew industry in Goa.
Significance of GI Tag for Goan Cashew
- The GI tag ensures that cashews bearing this label are authentic products originating from Goa. This helps consumers distinguish between genuine Goan cashews and those sourced from outside the state, which are often falsely marketed as 'Goan cashews.'
- Goan cashew manufacturers and processors can use the GI tag as a trademark in the international market. This protection helps safeguard the reputation and quality associated with Goan cashews.
- Goa has a long history of cashew cultivation, and the GI tag helps in preserving the cultural and historical legacy of Goan cashews.
- By promoting authentic Goan cashews, the GI tag can potentially boost the demand for these products, benefitting local cashew producers, manufacturers, and the state's economy.
Historical Context of Cashew in Goa
- Cashew was introduced to Goa by the Portuguese in the 16th century. Initially, it was primarily cultivated for afforestation and soil conservation purposes. However, it was not until a century after its introduction that the economic value of cashew nuts became apparent.
- The edible value of cashew nuts was reportedly discovered by Goan prisoners who were exiled to the Portuguese territory of Africa (Mozambique) during Goa's freedom movement in the mid-18th century.
- The first cashew factory in Goa began operations in 1926, and the first consignment of cashew kernels was exported in 1930. Over time, cashew production transitioned from a cottage industry to a large-scale one, driven by demand, particularly from the United States.
- Before Goa's liberation in 1961, the region exported substantial quantities of processed cashew nuts, both locally grown and imported from Portuguese colonies in Africa. On average, around 1500 tonnes of processed cashew nuts were exported to countries like the USA, Japan, Saudi Arabia, and West Germany.
- The cashew processing industry accounted for about 60% of industrial production in Goa by 1961, and it was a significant contributor to foreign trade. Various factors, including favourable import duties, port expenses, lower rents, wages, and salaries, contributed to the industry's growth and success.
Recent Challenges in the Goan Cashew Industry
- In recent years, the Goan cashew industry faced challenges due to the influx of cheaper imported cashews, often falsely labelled as 'Goan cashews' by small traders from other states. These traders did not always meet quality and compliance norms, affecting the reputation of Goan cashews.
- The competition from cheaper cashews, along with higher minimum wages and compliance standards compared to other states, resulted in a decline in sales for traditional Goan cashew processors. The number of processing units in Goa decreased from 40 in 2005 to over 15 at present.
- The GI tag is expected to address some of these issues by ensuring that authentic Goan cashews are protected, promoted, and recognized in the market, both domestically and internationally. It will help in distinguishing Goan cashews from others and potentially boost demand for the region's unique cashew products. Additionally, the government's crackdown on illegal marketing practices is expected to further protect the authenticity of Goan cashews and support the local industry.
●Cashew (Anacardium occidentale) is an evergreen tree native to coastal northeastern Brazil. It is cultivated in tropical and subtropical regions around the world, including India.
●Cashew trees are grown in tropical and subtropical regions around the world, where the average temperature is between 25 and 30 degrees Celsius and the annual rainfall is between 1,000 and 1,500 millimetres. The trees prefer well-drained, sandy soils with a pH of 6.0 to 7.0.
●India is the world's largest producer of cashews, accounting for over 20% of global production. While India leads in raw cashew nut production, Vietnam leads in the processing of cashews.
●Maharashtra is India's largest cashew nut-producing state. Maharashtra is followed by Andhra Pradesh and Odisha.
●It is a versatile crop. The nut is edible and is used in a variety of cuisines. The cashew apple, which is the fruit of the cashew tree, is also edible and can be eaten fresh, juiced, or processed into jams and jellies.
○Cashew apples are a good source of vitamins and minerals, including vitamin C, vitamin A, and iron.
○Cashew shell liquid is a valuable byproduct that is used in the production of varnishes, paints, and other industrial products. Cashew shell liquid is also used in the production of cashew nut butter.
●They are a good source of protein, fibre, and healthy fats. They are also a good source of vitamins and minerals, including magnesium, copper, manganese, and phosphorus.
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Q. Consider the following statements in the context of the Cashew:
1.It is a tropical evergreen tree native to coastal northeastern Brazil.
2.Cashew trees thrive in regions with an average temperature between 25-30°C and annual rainfall of 1000-1500 mm.
3.They prefer well-drained, sandy soils with a pH of 6.0 to 7.0.
4.Brazil is the world's largest producer, contributing over 20% to global cashew production.
How many of the above statements is/are correct?
A) Only one
B) Only two
C) Only three
D) All four
●Cashew (Anacardium occidentale) is an evergreen tree native to coastal northeastern Brazil. It is cultivated in tropical and subtropical regions worldwide, including India.
●Cashew trees thrive in tropical and subtropical regions where the average temperature ranges between 25 and 30 degrees Celsius. They require an annual rainfall between 1,000 and 1,500 millimetres. Cashew trees prefer well-drained, sandy soils with a pH of 6.0 to 7.0.
●India is the world's largest producer of cashews, contributing over 20% to global production. Vietnam leads in the processing of cashews. Maharashtra is India's largest cashew nut-producing state, followed by Andhra Pradesh and Odisha. (Statement 4 is incorrect)