IAS Gyan

Daily News Analysis



Copyright infringement not intended

Context: The Prime Minister has conveyed his best wishes on the occasion of Goa Statehood Day on May 30. It is the day when Goa was declared a state separate from Daman and Diu.


  • Goa is a state on the west coast of India, known for its beaches, culture and cuisine. Goa has a rich history of being ruled by different dynasties, such as the Kadambas, the Vijayanagar Empire, the Bahmani Sultanate, the Adil Shahis, the Portuguese and the Marathas.


  • Goa was liberated from Portuguese colonial rule on December 19, 1961, after a military operation by the Indian Army.
  • Goa became a union territory along with Daman and Diu in 1962.
  • The people of Goa demanded full statehood for their region, as they felt that their identity and culture were not adequately represented by the central government. They also demanded more autonomy and development for their state.
  • In 1976, the Goa Assembly passed a resolution seeking statehood for Goa.
  • After a long struggle and several negotiations, the central government finally granted statehood to Goa on May 30, 1987.
  • Goa became the 25th state of India, with Daman and Diu remaining as union territories.

Must Read Articles:

Goa Liberation Day: https://www.iasgyan.in/daily-current-affairs/goa-liberation-day

State Reorganization: https://www.iasgyan.in/daily-current-affairs/himachal-diwas-states-reorganization


Q. Consider the following statements.

1.      Goa became a part of India in 1950.

2.      The capital city of Goa is located on the banks of the Mandovi River.

3.      Sonsogor is the highest peak in Goa.

4.      Fugdi is a folk-dance form that originated in Goa.

How many of the above statements are correct?

A) 2 only

B) 3 only

C) 4 only

D) All

Answer: B


Statement 1 is incorrect: Goa was a Portuguese colony until 1961 when it was annexed by India after a military operation.

Statement 2 is correct: Panaji is the capital city of Goa and the largest city in the state. It is located on the banks of the Mandovi River.

Statement 3 is correct: Sonsogor is the highest peak in Goa with an elevation of 1,166 meters. It is located in the Western Ghats Mountain range.

Statement 4 is correct: Fugdi is a folk dance form that originated in Goa and is performed by women during festivals and celebrations. It involves circular movements and clapping.