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Fourth highest opium seizure in 2018 reported from India: World Drug Report

7th July, 2020 Security


- Publication of World Drug Report.

Finding of the report:

- The fourth highest seizure of opium in 2018 was reported from India, after Iran, Afghanistan and Pakistan.

- In India, the figure stood at only four tonne in 2018. In terms of heroin seizure (1.3 tonnes), India was at the 12th position in the world.

- Global area under opium poppy cultivation declined for the second year in a row in 2019.

- It went down by 17% in 2018 and by 30% in 2019.

- Trafficking in heroin continues to be more widespread in geographical terms than trafficking in opium or morphine.

Data on Drug Use:

Opium Production:

- Opium is illicitly produced in about 50 countries.

- Close to 97% of the total global production of opium in the past five years came from only three countries.

- Myanmar accounts for 7% of the global opium production and Laos accounts for 1% of the opium, it is supplied to East and South-East Asia and Oceania.

- Mexico accounts for 6% of the global opium production.

- Colombia and Guatemala account for less than 1% of global production.

- The main opiate trafficking flows originate from three key production areas: Afghanistan, Myanmar-Laos and Mexico-Colombia-Guatemala.

Socio –Economic Factors from Drug abuse:

Challenges in Drug Regulation:

About World Drug Report:

- The World Drug Report is published annually by the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC).

- The first report was published in 1997, the same year the agency was established.

- The agency was tasked with the responsibility of crime prevention, criminal justice and criminal law reform.

About Opium:

- Opium is a highly addictive narcotic drug acquired in the dried latex form the opium poppy (Papaver somniferum) seed pod.

- Synthetic or semisynthetic opium derivatives include fentanyl, methadone, oxycodone and hydrocodone.

- Heroin (diacetylmorphine) is derived from the morphine alkaloid found in opium and is roughly 2 to 3 times more potent.

Reference: https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/fourth-highest-opium-seizure-in-2018-reported-from-india-world-drug-report/article32005672.ece