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Ethanol 100

16th March, 2024 Economy

Ethanol 100

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  • Union Minister for Petroleum and Natural Gas Hardeep Singh Puri launched Ethanol 100.

Composition of E100 Fuel:

  • E100 now comprises 93-93.5% ethanol blended with 5% petrol and 1.5% co-solvent (binder).
  • Safety concerns addressed by ensuring visibility of flames in case of fire.

Pricing and Future Projections:

Current Pricing:

  • E100 priced equivalently to petrol: Rs 94.72/litre in Delhi, Rs 104.21/litre in Maharashtra, and Rs 100.75/litre in Chennai.

Future Outlook:

  • With wider adoption, E100 expected to be cheaper than petrol or diesel due to ethanol's lower cost.
  • Government's push for biofuels and crude oil import substitution to enhance competitiveness.
  • Ethanol production from agricultural feedstock contributes to farmers' income, aligning with decarbonization goals.

Vehicle Compatibility:

Flex Fuel Engine Cars:

  • E100 suitable for flex fuel engine cars designed to run on multiple fuels.
  • Flex fuel cars equipped with internal combustion engines adaptable to petrol, ethanol, or methanol.
  • Minor modifications distinguish flex fuel vehicles from conventional petrol-only cars, offering consumers fuel choice at the point of sale.


Q. Consider the following statements.

1) Ethanol 100 comprises of 100% ethanol.

2) Flex Fuel Engine Cars are compatible to run on Ethanol 100.

Which of the above statements are correct?

A)      1 only

B)      2 only

C)      Both

D)      None

Answer B)