Diversity for Restoration (D4R) tool
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- Researchers from Bioversity International have devised a tool named Diversity for Restoration (D4R) for promoting restoration programmes in India.
- Another team from Ashoka Trust for Research in Ecology and the Environment helped these researchers to modify the tool for Indian conditions.
- In countries like Malaysia, Ethiopia, Columbia, Peru, Burkina Faso, Cameroon the tool is already in use.
- It is modified for India and provides recommendations about a particular tree species for plantations in a specific location.
- This tool will serve the purpose of socio-ecologically responsible restoration and will benefit local communities.
Significance of the tool
- This tool is being claimed to help in enabling appropriate agroforestry and aiding systematic ecosystem restoration programmes in India.
- By using this tool tree species, which match the restoration objectives, are identified along with their ecological benefits.
- It helps in identifying the best suited tree species for a particular geographical region. Hence it promotes sustainable development.
- It will also help in success of restoration of land and ecosystems with minimum instances of failure of plantation programme.
- Thus better decision would be taken regarding selection of the species suitable to local environmental, soil, and geographical conditions.
- This tool contains information on 100 plant functional traits of 237 important native trees of Western Ghats which have socio-economic significance.
- Functional trait provides information on economic and ecological uses of tree like timber, medicine, fruits or other commercial benefits.
- Habitat suitability, threat status are also considered by this tool while identifying suitable species.
Consider the following statements about Diversity for Restoration (D4R) tool:
1. It is a tool developed to enable proper agroforestry and aids in systematic ecosystem restoration programmes.
2. The tool will be used first time in the world for eco-restoration initiatives.
Which of the statements given above is/are incorrect?
A. 1 only
B. 2 only
C. Both 1 and 2
D. Neither 1 nor 2