IAS Gyan

Daily News Analysis

Delimitation Commission    

13th December, 2021 Polity

Figure 1: No Copyright Infringement Intended


  • Political parties are undecided on the delimitation of the Union Territory of Kashmir.

About Delimitation Commission:

What is Delimitation

·        It is an act or process of fixing limits or boundaries of territorial constituencies

Constitutional and Legal Provisions

·        Under article 82, Parliament enacts a law for delimitation after every census.

·        Under article 170, States are divided into territorial constituencies as per the delimitation act. (Note: State Cant make the delimitation act.)


History of Delimiation

·        First delimitation: 1950-51 with the help of election commission

·        First Delimitation act: 1952

·        1981 and 1991 census resulted into no delimitation act.

Delimitation Commission

·        Set up by President of India

·        Works in collaboration with Election commission of India.

Structure of Commission

·        Retired Supreme Court Judge

·        Chief Election Commissioner

·        Respective state election commissioner

Functions of Commission

·        Decide the boundaries of constituencies in such manner to make population nearly equal for all constituencies.

·        Identify seats for SC and ST wherever their population is large.


·        Its orders have the power of law and cant be questioned in the court of law.

·        These orders come into force on a date to be specified by the President of India.

·        The copies of its orders are laid before the House of the People and the State Legislative Assembly concerned, but no modifications are permissible therein by them.

Challenges with Delimitation

·        Delimitation is being carried out as per the population of 1971.

·        Capping of LokSabha and RayaSabha seats have left more population being represented by single member.

·        Recently, ex president Pranab Mukherjee highlighted that India needs 1000 parliamentarians for true representation.