IAS Gyan

Daily News Analysis


19th June, 2019

Uptick for India on sanitation in UN report


Topic Important for: General Studies - 2 I Environment & Health




According to the recent monitoring report by UN organisations, there has been absolutely no growth in the population with access to piped water facilities.


Important finding of the report


  • The report highlighted that in terms of access to piped water facilities there are large inequalities between rural and urban areas. 


  • The report suggests that almost two-thirds of the 650 million people globally stopped practising open defecation between 2000 and 2017


  • There has been major drop seen in open defecation in the country.


  • India has made great gains in providing basic sanitation facilities since the start of the millennium.


  • In terms of drinking water, the report shows India has increased the percentage of its population with access to a protected drinking water from 79% in 2000 to 93% in 2017.


India scenario


  • The percentage of households getting piped water has remained stagnant at 44% over the last two decades.


  • In rural India, only 32% of the population has access to piped water, less than half of the 68% who have access in urban India.


  • The country is responsible for almost single-handedly dragging the world towards achieving Sustainable Development Goal of ending open defecation.


  • In rural India, only 32% of the population have access to piped water, less than half of the 68% who have access in urban India.


  • The government is planning to roll out a new scheme called Nal Se Jal.


  • The Solid and liquid waste management will be the focus of Swachh Bharat phase 2.


Source Link: 



India to be most populous by 2027: UN 


Topic Important for: General Studies - 1 I Population




According to a recent report by a United Nations report India is expected to have 1.64 billion inhabitants by 2050.




  • India is set to overtake China as the most populous country by 2027 and will have almost 1.64 billion inhabitants by 2050. 


  • The report also suggests that South Asia’s opportunity to reap the “demographic dividend” will peak by 2047.


  • According to the World Population Prospects 2019 report India is expected to add 273 million people by 2050,


  • India will be the largest national increase in the world. China,


  • Globally people aged above 65 are the fastest growing age group, putting pressure on social protection systems.


  • The Central and Southern Asia region, of which India is a part, is expected to see a 25% increase in population between now and 2050.


  • The rate of population growth is the highest in sub-Saharan Africa, where the fertility rate stand at 4.6 births per woman over a lifetime.


  • The region is expected to double its population by mid-century.


  • Nigeria is expected to add 200 million people over the next three decades and overtake the U.S. to become the third most populous nation.
  • India is still among the countries where the working-age population (25-64 years) is growing faster than other groups


  • Almost 50 countries are expected to have less than two working-age people to support every person above 65.


Source Link:  



Lunar orbiter spacecraft arrives in Sriharikota


Topic Important for: General Studies - 3 I Science and Technology  




The Indian space research organisations scheduled the launch of Chandrayaan-2 on July 15.




  • The mother obiter spacecraft of Mission Chandrayaan-2 has reached the launch port of Sriharikota from Bengaluru.


  • The mission Chandrayaan-2 will be joined by its lander and rover companions


  • The mission Chandrayaan-2 will complete the journey of 3.84 lakh km to Moon.

Chandrayaan - II


  • Chandrayaan II is India’s second lunar mission after Chandrayaan I.
  • The mission includes a lunar orbiter, rover and a lander.
  • The mission is developed by ISRO.


Source Link: 



Educational norms for drivers may be eased


Topic Important for: General Studies - 2 I Governance 




The central government is planning to reduce the mandatory educational qualification for drivers for seeking a driver’s licence.




  • The educational qualification for truckers and bus drivers will be waived off for licence to provide


  • The government is inclined to provide job opportunities


  • Under Rule 8 of the Central Motor Vehicle Rules, 1989, a transport vehicle driver needs to have passed class 8.


  • The Ministry of Road Transport and Highways will amend this rule.


  • The ministry will come up with a draft notification shortly for comments from stakeholders.


Advantages of decision


  • The removal of the necessary requirement will open up employment opportunities for a large number of unemployed people


  • The decision would help meet the shortage of 22 lakh drivers in the transport and logistics sector.


  • The relaxation is applicable for drivers of medium and heavy transport vehicles, which include trucks as well as State transport, school and private buses.


Source Link: 



Grey wolf from India killed in Bangladesh


Topic Important for: General Studies – 3 I Biodiversity




  • The Indian grey wolf was recently reported to be killed by farmers in Bangladesh


  • The rare animal may have crossed over the country.


  • Zoologists collected DNA samples from the animal to confirm it as a grey wolf.


  • The grey wolf was killed in the first week of June by farmers near the Bangladesh part of the Sundarbans because it had attacked their livestock.


  • In April 2017, a wildlife photographer had shot a photograph of a lone wolf in the Indian part of the Sundarbans.

The Indian grey wolf (Canis lupus pallipes)


The IUCN Red List - least concern.


They are under the Wildlife (Protection) Act of 1972 in Schedule I Part I.


Habitat: it inhabits semi-arid and arid areas.


Source Link: 



Libra is Facebook’s cryptocurrency


Topic Important for: General Studies - 3 I Economy Development




Facebook has launched its own digital currency/money.





  • Facebook is entering into the world of cryptocurrency with its own digital money known as “Libra”


  • ‘Libra’ is a new initiative in payments for the world’s biggest social network


  • The initiative aims to bring the potential bring crypto-money into the mainstream.


  • The initiative has the potential to allow billion people around the world access to online commerce and financial services.


  • The digital currency, called Libra, is scheduled to launch in the next six to 12 months.


  • The digital platform will help people to save, send or spend money as easily as firing off text messages.


  • Facebook and some two dozen partners released a prototype of Libra as an open source code to be used by developers interested in weaving it into apps, services or businesses.


 Source Link: