IAS Gyan

Daily News Analysis


13th June, 2019

How much plastic is in your diet? 


The recent study found that people worldwide could be ingesting 5 g of microscopic plastic particles every week. 


What is Plastic? 

  • Plastics are non-biodegradable, synthetic polymers.
  • The polymer used to make a plastic is mixed with additives, including colorants, plasticizers.
  • Plastics are made-up of long chain hydrocarbons.

 Finding of research/study 

  • Individual humans consume almost 250 g of plastic in a year.
  • The plastic are mostly come from tap and bottled water.
  • The plastic pollution reached at the highest level and the plastic industry is set to grow by 4% a year until 2025.
  • Plastic particles have been found inside fish in the deepest recesses of the ocean.

What are micro plastics 

  • Plastic pieces that are less than 5mm in length are called micro plastics.
  • They can be formed by fragmentation of large plastic waste material.
  • Microfibers from washing of textiles, micro beads used in cosmetics, paint.


Impacts of plastic pollution: 

  • It severely affects human health
  • The pollution promote soil infertility and land degradations
  • Groundwater Pollution 

Way Forward: 

  • The people should be made aware to stop  plastic pollution
  • The government should come up with more stringent law
  • Awareness camp with bottom up approach

 Source Link: https://www.thehindu.com/todays-paper/tp-life/how-much-plastic-is-in-your-weekly-diet/article27893747.ece


DRDO conducts maiden test of hypersonic technology demonstrator 


The Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) conducted test of an indigenously developed Hypersonic Technology Demonstrator Vehicle (HSTDV).





  • The test was undertaken to validate several technologies including the HSTDV.
  • The HSTDV project is meant to demonstrate the “performance of a scram-jet engine at an altitude of 15 km to 20 km.
  • In this project hypersonic vehicle that will be powered by a scram-jet engine.


Advantages of the Project:


  • It will have multiple civilian applications.
  • It can be used for launching satellites at low cost.
  • It will also be available for long-range cruise missiles of the future.


What is scram-jet technology?


  • In scram-jet technology, combustion of fuel takes place in a chamber in the missile at supersonic speeds.
  • A ramjet is a form of air-breathing jet engine that uses the vehicle’s forward motion to compress incoming air for combustion without a rotating compressor.


Defence Research & Development Organisation


Defence Research & Development Organisation (DRDO) works under Department of Defence Research and Development of Ministry of Defence. 


  • DRDO works towards enhancing self-reliance in Defence Systems and undertakes design & development.


  • It also work in the production of world class weapon systems and equipment in various areas of military technology which include aeronautics,

Source Link:https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/drdo-conducts-maiden-test-of-hypersonic-technology-demonstrator/article27890922.ece


Indian Medical Council Amendment Bill cleared 




The central government has approved the Indian Medical Council (Amendment Bill), 2019 and the Homoeopathy Central Council (Amendment Bill), 2019.




  • The Indian Medical Council (Amendment) Ordinance, 2019 was promulgated on January, 2019.
  • Indian Medical Council Bill), 2019 and the Homoeopathy Central Council (Amendment Bill), 201 9 were lapsed in the 16th Lok Sabha session.




  • The Ordinance amends the Indian Medical Council Act, 1956 which sets up the Medical Council of India (MCI) which regulates medical education and practice.
  • The 1956 Act provides for supersession of the MCI and its reconstitution within a period of three years.
  • The Ordinance amends this provision to provide for the supersession of the MCI for a period of one year.


Advantages of the amendment:


The Indian Medical Council (Amendment Bill), 2019


  • It will bring in transparency, accountability and quality in the governance of medical education
  • It would provide for supersession of the Medical institutions.  


The Homoeopathy Central Council (Amendment Bill), 2019


  • It seeks to extend the period for reconstitution of the Central Council from an existing period of one year to two years.


The union government is also inclined to make the Dental Council of India more effective.


  • The government has approved the introduction of a Bill to amend the Dentists Act, 1948.
  • The Bill would help restructure the Dental Councils and the representation of Central government members and elected members would no longer be made mandatory in the Dental Councils.


Source Link: https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/indian-medical-council-amendment-bill-cleared/article27891351.ece


Triple talaq Bill to be sent to Parliament again


The central government has approved the Muslim Women (Protection of Rights on Marriage) Bill, 2019.


  • The bill will be introduced in the Budget session of Parliament.
  • The Bill will replace the Muslim Women (Protection of Rights on Marriage) Second Ordinance, 2019.
  • The government had promulgated the ordinance on triple talaq twice, thefirst in 2018 and second and second in February 2019.
  • The Muslim Women (Protection of Rights on Marriage) Bill, which made the practice of instant triple talaq (talaq-e-biddat) a penal offence.


The Muslim Women (Protection of Rights on Marriage) Bill, 2018


The Muslim Women (Protection of Rights on Marriage) Bill, 2018 was introduced by the Minister of Law and Justice.


Note that a Muslim Women (Protection of Rights on Marriage) Bill, 2017 was introduced and passed in Lok Sabha on December 28, 2017.  The 2017 Bill is listed for withdrawal.


  • The Bill makes all declaration of talaq, including in written or electronic form, to be void (i.e. not enforceable in law) and illegal.
  • It defines talaq as talaq-e-biddat or any other similar form of talaq pronounced by a Muslim man resulting in instant and irrevocable divorce. 
  • Talaq-e-biddat refers to the practice under Muslim personal laws where pronouncement of the word ‘talaq’ thrice in one sitting by a Muslim man to his wife results in an instant and irrevocable divorce.
  • The Bill makes declaration of talaq a cognizable offence, attracting up to three years’ imprisonment with a fine.
  • The Bill provides that the Magistrate may grant bail to the accused. The bail may be granted only after hearing the woman (against whom talaq has been pronounced), and if the Magistrate is satisfied that there are reasonable grounds for granting bail.




Source Link: https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/union-cabinet-clears-fresh-bill-to-ban-instant-triple-talaq/article27888984.ece