IAS Gyan

Daily News Analysis


29th September, 2023 Science and Technology

Disclaimer: Copyright infringement not intended.


  • Cookies can track online behaviour, leading to privacy concerns about digital privacy. Inadequate security of cookies can create opportunities for cybercriminals to steal personal information.
  • The Digital Personal Data Protection Act 2023 in India mandates explicit consent for collecting or processing personal data via cookies. The updated law emphasises the need for transparent and well-informed consent.
  • Third-party cookies have sparked debates, resulting in web browsers limiting their usage to protect user privacy. The excessive use of cookies can slow down web browsers, affecting the user experience.


Understanding Digital Cookies

  • Digital cookies are small pieces of data stored on a user's device by websites.
  • They serve various functions in the digital world, including personalization and user convenience.

How Cookies Work

  • When you visit a website, the site sends a request to your browser to store a cookie. The cookie is then stored on your device's hard drive or memory.
  • The next time you visit the same website, your browser sends the stored cookie back to the site, providing information about your previous interactions.

Types of Digital Cookies

Session Cookies

  • Session cookies are temporary and are deleted when you close your browser. They are often used to maintain session information, such as shopping cart contents.

Persistent Cookies

  • Persistent cookies are stored on your device for a specified duration, even after you close your browser. They are used for tasks like remembering login credentials or user preferences.

First-party Cookies

  • First-party cookies are set by the website you are currently visiting. They are commonly used for site functionality and personalization.

Third-party Cookies

  • Third-party cookies are set by domains other than the one you are currently visiting. They are often used for tracking and advertising purposes.

Functions of Digital Cookies

  • Personalization: Cookies remember login information, making it convenient for users to access websites without repeated logins.
  • Persistence: Some digital experiences, like online shopping carts, persist across browsing sessions due to cookies.
  • Targeted Advertising: Cookies track online behavior to deliver personalized ads aligned with user preferences.
  • Analytics: Cookies provide invaluable data for website owners to make informed decisions about site improvements.

Privacy Concerns and Challenges

  • Privacy Concerns: Cookies can potentially track user online behavior, raising privacy concerns.
  • Security Risks: Inadequate security of cookies can lead to data breaches and privacy violations.
  • User Consent: Regulations like GDPR and CCPA require explicit user consent for certain cookie types.
  • Third-Party Cookies: Privacy-conscious browsers restrict the use of third-party cookies.
  • Data Overload: The abundance of cookies can slow down web browsers.

Impact of Regulations

  • GDPR (General Data Protection Regulation): Requires informed consent before storing cookies, emphasizing transparent and well-informed consent.
  • India's Digital Personal Data Protection Act 2023: Mandates explicit consent for collecting or processing personal data via cookies, aligning with global trends prioritizing user privacy and informed consent.


  • Digital cookies enhance the online experience but come with privacy and security challenges.
  • As regulations evolve, it's crucial for users and website operators to navigate the cookie landscape with awareness and compliance.
  • Balancing the benefits of cookies with the protection of user privacy and security is essential in the evolving digital world.


Q. Analyze the impact of privacy regulations, with a special focus on India's Digital Personal Data Protection Act 2023, on the use of cookies. Also, outline the potential future developments in the realm of digital cookies. (250 Words)