Charles Darwin's Theory of Evolution
Disclaimer: Copyright infringement not intended.
- India have signed an open letter to NCERT condemning the removal of Charles Darwin's Theory of Evolution from the science textbooks for Classes 9 and 10.
About the Theory of Evolution
- The Theory of Evolution by natural selection was first formulated in Charles Darwin's book "On the Origin of Species published in 1859.
- In his book, Darwin describes how organisms evolve over generations through the inheritance of physical or behavioral traits.
- The theory starts with the premise that within a population, there is variation in traits, such as beak shape in one of the Galapagos finches Darwin studied.
- According to the theory, individuals with traits that enable them to adapt to their environments will help them survive and have more offspring, which will inherit those traits.
- Individuals with less adaptive traits will less frequently survive to pass them on.
- Over time, the traits that enable species to survive and reproduce will become more frequent in the population and the population will change, or evolve.
- Through natural selection, Darwin suggested, genetically diverse species could arise from a common ancestor.
- A species is a population of organisms that interbreeds and has fertile offspring.
- Living organisms have descended with modifications from species that lived before them.
- Natural selection explains how this evolution has happened:
- More organisms are produced than can survive because of limited resources.
- Organisms struggle for the necessities of life; there is competition for resources.
- Individuals within a population vary in their traits; some of these traits are heritable -- passed on to offspring.
- Some variants are better adapted to survive and reproduce under local conditions than others.
- Better-adapted individuals (the "fit enough") are more likely to survive and reproduce, thereby passing on copies of their genes to the next generation.
- Species whose individuals are best adapted survive; others become extinct.
Q. Through natural selection, Darwin suggested, genetically diverse species could arise from a common ancestor. What are the provisions of Charle’s Darwins Theory of Evolution. Describe in detail.