IAS Gyan

Daily News Analysis


27th December, 2023 Geography


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  • Himachal Pradesh Police on Monday cracked down on an SUV owner for allegedly driving his vehicle across the Chandra River in Lahaul and Spiti district.

About Chandra River

  • It is one of the two rivers in the Lahaul region of Himachal Pradesh that joins the Bhaga River to form the Chenab River.
  • Origin: among the Himachal Pradesh districts of Lahaul and Spiti, it rises among the snows that lie at the foot of the main Himalayan range.
  • The river travels southeast for a substantial distance at the base of this ridge before totally changing direction and flowing south-west through the Spiti Valley.
  • After Keylong, it continues to unite with the Bhaga River.
  • At its source, the stunning Chandra Tal Lake was created.
  • This river's upper and middle catchments are composed of terrain that has been sculpted by glaciers.
  • Because it is under the rain shadow of the Pir Panjal range of the Himalayas, the entire region is a huge, frigid desert that receives little to no rain.
  • Numerous glaciers feed the river along its course; the largest are the Samundari on its right bank and the Shigri on its left.
  • At various points, a multitude of little tributaries nourished by snow merge with the Chandra.
  • The only significant human settlement along this river is

Indus River System

  • It is one of the world's major river basins.
  • The Indus River, commonly known as the Sindhu, is India's westernmost Himalayan river.
  • It springs from a glacier at Bokhar Chu in the Kailash Mountain range in Tibet.
  • It is known in Tibet as 'Singi Khamban,' meaning Lion's Mouth.
  • It flows north west between the Ladakh and Zanskar mountain ranges before passing through Ladakh and Baltistan.
  • It slashes through the Ladakh range, providing a breath-taking gorge near Gilgit in Jammu & Kashmir.
  • In the Dardistan area of Pakistan, it enters around Chillar.
  • The Shyok, Gilgit, Zaskar, Hunza, Nubra, Shigar, Gasting, and Dras are only a few of the Himalayan tributaries that flow into the Indus.
  • It ultimately emerges from the highlands around Attock, where it is joined on its right bank by the Kabul River.
  • The river runs south, receiving 'Panjnad' just above Mithankot.
  • The five rivers of Punjab, the Satluj, Beas, Ravi, Chenab, and Jhelum, are together known as the
  • It eventually empties into the Arabian Sea to the east of Karachi.
  • In India, the Indus exclusively runs through Jammu and Kashmir's Leh district.


With reference to the Indus river system, of the following four rivers, three of them pour into one of them which join the Indus direct. Among the following, which one is such river that joins the Indus direct?

A) Chenab

B) Jhelum

C) Ravi

D) Satlej

Answer: D