Bhartiya Prakritik Krishi Padhati (BPKP)
- Government is implementing Bhartiya Prakritik Krishi Padhati (BPKP) as a sub scheme of Paramparagat Krishi Vikas Yojana (PKVY) since 2020-21 for the promotion of traditional indigenous practices.
- The scheme mainly emphasizes on exclusion of all synthetic chemical inputs and promotes on-farm biomass recycling with major stress on biomass mulching; use of cow dung-urine formulations; plant-based preparations and time to time working of soil for aeration.
- Under BPKP, financial assistance of Rs 12200/ha for 3 years is provided for cluster formation, capacity building and continuous handholding by trained personnel, certification and residue analysis.
Paramparagat Krishi Vikas Yojana
- It is an elaborated component of Soil Health Management (SHM) of major project National Mission of Sustainable Agriculture (NMSA).
- Under PKVY Organic farming is promoted through adoption of organic village by cluster approach and PGS certification.
- Promotion of commercial organic production through certified organic farming.
- The produce will be pesticide residue free and will contribute to improve the health of consumer.
- It will raise farmer's income and create potential market for traders.
- It will motivate the farmers for natural resource mobilization for input production.
- Adoption of Participatory Guarantee System (PGS) certification through cluster approach.
- Adoption of organic village for manure management and biological nitrogen harvesting through cluster approach.
What is the PGS, and how does it work?
PGS is a process of certifying organic products, which ensures that their production takes place in accordance with laid-down quality standards. The certification is in the form of a documented logo or a statement.
This system is based on the active participation of farmers, consumers, rural advisors, local authorities: they all join to make decisions, to visit farms, to support each other and to check that farmers are producing according to Government Standard.
PGS could be managed by the producer group themselves as first-party certification or can be managed by the trader, buying the products (second-party certification). This is in contrast to the third-party certification system where an independent body is responsible for certification.