IAS Gyan

Daily News Analysis


13th April, 2024 Environment


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  • In a groundbreaking conservation endeavor, the Global Society for the Preservation of Baobabs and Mangroves (GSPBM) has initiated a mission to rejuvenate the iconic Baobab trees.


  • Lifespan: Baobab trees are known for their longevity, with some specimens living for over 2,000 years. They are often referred to as "the tree of life" because of their remarkable longevity.
  • Trunk: These trees have massive, swollen trunks that can store water during droughts, helping them survive in arid climates. The trunk can reach diameters of up to 10 meters (33 feet).
  • Habitat: Baobabs are native to Africa, particularly found in the savannas, dry forests, and low-lying areas. Mandu, in the Dhar district of Madhya Pradesh, is perhaps the only place in India where baobab trees are found in abundance.


  • Fruit: Baobab trees produce large, egg-shaped fruits that are rich in vitamin C and other nutrients. The fruits have a powdery pulp inside that is used in various traditional medicines and beverages.
  • Wildlife: Baobab trees are important for the ecosystem as they provide food, shelter, and nesting sites for various animals, including birds, insects, and mammals.
  • Cultural significance: These trees hold cultural significance in many African communities. They are often used as meeting places, landmarks, or even places of worship. Some cultures have legends and myths associated with baobab trees.
  • Ecological adaptation: Baobabs have adapted to survive in harsh environments. They can shed their leaves during the dry season to conserve water and then grow new leaves when the rains return.
  • Endangered status: Despite their iconic status, some species of baobab trees are facing threats due to habitat loss, climate change, and overexploitation.
  • Carbon storage: Baobab trees play a role in carbon sequestration, helping to mitigate climate change by storing carbon dioxide in their massive trunks and branches.
  • Tourist attractions: Many baobab trees have become tourist attractions, drawing visitors who marvel at their unusual appearance and learn about their ecological and cultural importance.

Source: https://indianexpress.com/article/explained/invasive-species-natural-ecosystems-threaten-9262836/


Q. Which of the following statements about baobab trees is correct?

a) Baobab trees are primarily found in Asia, with India being the main habitat for these trees.

b) Baobab trees are not significant in African cultures and are mainly valued for their nutritional fruit.

c) Baobab trees are not adapted to survive in harsh environments and are vulnerable to droughts.

d) Baobab trees play a crucial role in carbon sequestration, helping mitigate climate change by storing carbon dioxide.

Correct answer: d)