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‘Autism Spectrum Disorder’ (ASD)

21st February, 2023 Health

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  • According to the World Health Organisation, ‘Autism spectrum disorder’ (ASD) affects one in 100 children 

Autism spectrum disorder (ASD)

  • Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a developmental disability caused by differences in the brain.
  • The autism spectrum, often referred to as just autism, autism spectrum disorder (ASD) or sometimes autism spectrum condition (ASC), is a neurodevelopmental disordercharacterized by difficulties in social interaction, verbal and nonverbal communication, and the presence of repetitive behavior and restricted interests.
  • Other common signs include unusual responses to sensory stimuli, and an insistence on sameness or strict adherence to routine.
  • Signs of autism usually appear by age 2 or 3. Some associated development delays can appear even earlier, and often, it can be diagnosed as early as 18 months.
  • Research shows that early intervention leads to positive outcomes later in life for people with autism.
  • There is no cure for autism. There are many forms of therapy, such as speech and occupational therapy that may help autistic people.