IAS Gyan

Daily News Analysis


11th September, 2023 Culture

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  • Rishi Sunak, UK Prime Minister, visited the Akshardham Temple in Delhi with his wife Akshata Murty.


  • Akshardham Temple, also known as the Swaminarayan Akshardham Temple, is a magnificent Hindu temple complex located in Delhi.


  • Akshardham Temple was inaugurated on November 6, 2005, by Pramukh Swami Maharaj, the spiritual leader of the BAPS Swaminarayan Sanstha (Bochasanwasi Shri Akshar Purushottam Swaminarayan Sanstha), a prominent sect within Hinduism.
  • The temple was built to honor Bhagwan Swaminarayan (1781-1830), the founder of the Swaminarayan tradition.


  • The temple complex showcases stunning architecture inspired by ancient Vedic and Hindu architectural principles.
  • The main monument is made of intricately carved pink sandstone and white marble.
  • It stands 141 feet tall and features more than 20,000 statues and sculptures.
  • The central monument represents Mount Meru, the mythical abode of the gods.

Main Attractions

  • Yagnapurush Kund: This is the world's largest stepwell and serves as the central feature of the temple complex. It hosts the spectacular Sahaj Anand Water Show, a multimedia fountain show that depicts an episode from the life of Bhagwan Swaminarayan.
  • Abhishek Mandap: This area allows visitors to participate in the Abhishek ritual, where they can pour holy water over the sacred image of Bhagwan Swaminarayan.
  • Exhibitions: Akshardham features several exhibitions, including the Sahaj Anand Water Show, a cultural boat ride, and the Hall of Values (Sahaj Anand Multimedia Museum), which educates visitors on Swaminarayan's teachings and values.
  • Garden of India: The temple complex also includes beautifully landscaped gardens with bronze sculptures depicting India's cultural and spiritual heritage.

Spiritual Significance

  • Akshardham Temple is not only a place of architectural beauty but also a center for spiritual activities, prayers, and devotion.
  • It emphasizes the principles of non-violence, truth, purity, celibacy, and faith.

Awards and Recognition

  • Akshardham Temple has received numerous awards and recognitions for its architectural and cultural contributions, including the Guinness World Record for the World's Largest Comprehensive Hindu Temple.


Akshardham Temple is a marvel of art, culture, and spirituality that attracts millions of visitors each year. It stands as a testament to India's rich cultural and spiritual heritage and serves as a place of inspiration and reflection for people from all walks of life.


Q. Consider the following statements regarding Akshardham Temple in Delhi:

  1. Akshardham Temple is a UNESCO World Heritage Site due to its historical significance.
  2. The temple complex features a massive stepwell known as Yagnapurush Kund.
  3. The primary deity worshiped at Akshardham Temple is Lord Shiva.

Which of the statements above are correct?

A) 1 and 2

B) 2 and 3

C) 1 and 3

D) None

Answer: B) 2 and 3