IAS Gyan

Daily News Analysis


10th February, 2024 Environment


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Picture Courtesy: https://www.facebook.com/TribalAffairsIn/

Context: - The President inaugurated Aadi Mahotsav 2024, an annual National Tribal Festival at the Major Dhyan Chand National Stadium in New Delhi, organized by TRIFED under the Ministry of Tribal Affairs, showcasing the rich diversity of India's tribal heritage.


  • The festival features traditional dance and music performances, exhibitions of tribal handicrafts and artefacts, and offers a platform for tribal artisans and craftsmen to display their skills.
  • It plays a crucial role in preserving and promoting the cultural heritage of India's tribal communities while contributing to their economic well-being.


  • Showcase: The festival serves as a platform to showcase the extraordinary talent and craftsmanship of tribal artisans. It features stalls displaying a vast array of tribal art, handicrafts, natural produce, and delectable cuisine.
  • Empowerment: Aadi Mahotsav aims to empower tribal communities by providing them with a direct market to sell their products, generate income, and gain recognition for their skills.
  • Celebration: It's a celebration of the vibrant and diverse tribal culture, promoting awareness, understanding, and appreciation for their unique traditions and contributions to India's heritage.


  • The Aadi Mahotsav is organized by the Tribal Cooperative Marketing Development Federation of India Limited (TRIFED) under the aegis of the Ministry of Tribal Affairs.

Key features:

  • Over 300 stalls feature tribal artisans from across India, showcasing their unique crafts like textiles, pottery, metalwork, wood carving, bamboo work, and jewellery.
  • Traditional dance and music performances enthrall audiences, offering a glimpse into the rich cultural heritage of various tribes.
  • A diverse range of delicious tribal cuisines from different regions are available, providing a culinary adventure for visitors.
  • Interactive workshops allow visitors to learn about traditional art forms and even try their hand at making crafts themselves.
  • Traditional dance and music performances add vibrancy and showcase the diverse cultural heritage of various tribes.

The Aadi Mahotsav plays a crucial role in:

  • Empowering tribal communities: By providing a platform for direct sales and promoting their products, the festival empowers tribal communities to achieve economic independence and improve their livelihoods.
  • Preserving cultural heritage: The festival helps to preserve and promote the unique cultural heritage of India's tribal communities, ensuring that their traditions and knowledge are passed on to future generations.
  • Building bridges: The event fosters understanding and appreciation for the diverse cultures and traditions of India, promoting social inclusion and harmony.


  • TRIFED plays a vital role in uplifting the lives of tribal communities in India. By promoting sustainable practices, market development, and skill development, it empowers tribals to achieve economic independence and cultural preservation. Continued support and innovative initiatives are crucial to further strengthen its impact and ensure a brighter future for tribal communities.

Must Read Articles:

AADI MAHOTSAVA: https://www.iasgyan.in/daily-current-affairs/aadi-mahotsava


Q. Which of the following is NOT a core objective of TRIFED?

(A) To provide a fair price to tribals for their Minor Forest Produce (MFP) and Surplus Agricultural Produce (SAP).

(B) To promote the marketing and development of tribal products.

(C) To enhance the income and livelihoods of tribal communities.

(D) To facilitate partnerships between tribal communities and private companies.

Answer: D


Out of the given options, (D) To facilitate partnerships between tribal communities and private companies are NOT a core objective of TRIFED.

While TRIFED does work with private companies in certain cases, such as through its "TRIFED Direct" initiative, directly facilitating partnerships is not explicitly listed as a core objective. The primary focus of TRIFED, as outlined on its official website and in various government documents, is on:

Providing a fair price to tribals for their MFP and SAP: This is achieved through initiatives like the Minimum Support Price (MSP) scheme and direct procurement from tribals through Van Dhan Vikas Kendras.

Promoting the marketing and development of tribal products: This involves activities like branding, design intervention, market research, and participation in national and international exhibitions.

Enhancing the income and livelihoods of tribal communities: This encompasses various capacity-building programs, skill development training, and financial assistance schemes.