IAS Gyan

Daily News Analysis


10th December, 2021 Agriculture


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  • The Government of India has amended the guidelines for procurement, allocation, distribution and disposal of coarse grains dated March 21, 2014.


Prior Provisions

  • The procurement of coarse grains was regulated by the 2014 guidelines, under which states were allowed to procure coarse grains from farmers at MSP under the central pool.
  • This was subject to the prior approval of the Government of India on the detailed procurement plan prepared by states in consultation with the Food Corporation of India.
  • As per the 2014 guidelines, the whole quantity was to be distributed within 3 months from the end of the procurement period.



  • It was observed that several difficulties were being faced by some State Governments with respect to distribution period of coarse grain which was 3 months each for procurement and distribution activity, irrespective of the shelf life of the commodity.
  • To obviate difficulties faced by some states in procurement/distribution of coarse grains and to increase procurement of coarse grains under the central pool, discussions were held.


The recent amendment

  • Distribution period of Jowar and Ragi has been increased to 6 and 7 months, respectively, from the earlier period of 3 months.



  • This would increase procurement and consumption of coarse grains as the state would have more time to distribute these commodities in Target Public Distribution System (TPDS)/other welfare schemes.
  • As these crops are normally grown on marginal and un-irrigated land, therefore, enhanced cropping of these would encourage sustainable agriculture and crop diversification.
  • With the increased procurement, the number of farmers benefitting from the procurement of these crops would also increase.
  • Coarse grains are highly nutritive, non-acid-forming, gluten-free and have dietary properties.
  • Besides, to strengthen our fight against malnutrition in children and adolescents, the consumption of coarse grains would help to foster immunity and health.