13th January, 2021 Art & Culture
Context: Punjabi man in Chennai on a mission to preserve Thirukkural
- Also called as Kural, is a classic Tamil language text consisting of 1,330 short couplets of seven words each, or kurals.
- The text is divided into three books with aphoristic teachings on virtue (aram, dharma), wealth (porul, artha) and love (inbam, kama), respectively.
- Considered one of the greatest works on ethics and morality, it is known for its universality and secular nature.
- Its authorship is traditionally attributed to Valluvar, also known in full as Thiruvalluvar.
- The text has been dated variously from 300 BCE to 5th century CE.
- The traditional accounts describe it as the last work of the third Sangam, but linguistic analysis suggests a later date of 450 to 500 CE and that it was composed after the Sangam period.
- It emphasizes non-violence and moral vegetarianism as virtues for an individual.
- It highlights truthfulness, self-restraint, gratitude, hospitality, kindness, goodness of wife, duty, giving, and so forth.
- Besides covering a wide range of social and political topics such as king, ministers, taxes, justice, forts, war, greatness of army and soldier's honor, death sentence for the wicked, agriculture, education, abstinence from alcohol and intoxicants.
- It also includes chapters on friendship, love, sexual union, and domestic life