IAS Gyan

Daily News Analysis


8th September, 2022 Art & Culture

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Context:  The President of India, Smt. Droupadi Murmu has sent her greetings to all fellow citizens on the eve of Onam.


  • Celebrated to mark the harvesting of crops, Onam is an occasion to respect the hard work of our farmers and to express our gratitude towards Mother Nature.
  • People of Kerala have preserved their rich cultural heritage. This festival is also an opportunity for them, to promote mutual cooperation and harmony.
  • Onam is a major harvest festival in Kerala and is celebrated to honour the home-coming of Asura king Mahabali who brought about peace and prosperity in Kerala.
  • It is one of the three major festivals of Kerala, celebrated during the month of Chingam, the first month in the Malayalam calendar, Kollavarsham.
  • The other two major festivals of the state are Vishu and Thiruvathira.
  • The 10-day harvest festival begins on Atham (first day of Onam) and concludes on Thiruvonam (last day).
  • Onam is celebrated by making Pookkalam (the flower rangolis). Other rituals are also performed which includes-Vallam Kali (the boat races), Pulikali (the tiger dances), Kummattikali (mask dances), Onathallu (martial arts), among others.
  • The main attraction is the traditional Onam sadhya (grand feast).