IAS Gyan

Daily News Analysis


30th July, 2022 EXTRA TOPIC OF THE DAY

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In News

  • On the occasion of International Tiger Day (29th July), Prime Minister Narendra Modi appreciated all those people working to protect the Tiger.
    • PM also said that innovative measures need to be taken to involve local communities to ensure tiger protection.
  • International Tiger Day is annually celebrated on July 29 to raise awareness for tiger conservation.
    • It was initiated in 2010 at the Saint Petersburg Tiger Summit in Russia.
    • The goal is to promote a global system for protecting the natural habitats of tigers and to raise public awareness and support for tiger conservation issues.



  • Tiger (Panthera tigris) is the largest living cat species.
  • It is an apex predator.
  • Tiger cubs stay with their mother for about two years and then become independent, leaving their mother's home range to establish their own.
  • Since the early 20th century, tiger populations have declined by at least 93%.
    • Major reasons for population decline are habitat destruction, habitat fragmentation and poaching.
    • Tigers are also victims of human-wildlife conflict, particularly in range countries with a high human population density.
  • Today, the tiger's range is fragmented, stretching from Siberian temperate forests to subtropical and tropical forests on the Indian subcontinent, Indo-china and Sumatra.
  • The tiger is listed as Endangered on the IUCN Red List.
  • The tiger is the national animal of India, Bangladesh, Malaysia and South Korea.
  • As of 2019, India’s Tiger population stands at a total of 2967 which is 70% of the global tiger population.
    • India successfully fulfilled its target of doubling tiger numbers, made at St. Petersburg in 2010, much before the target year of 2022.
  • The Indian states with the Tiger population:
    • Madhya Pradesh – 526
    • Karnataka – 524
    • Uttrakhand – 442
    • Maharashtra – 312