IAS Gyan

Daily News Analysis


19th January, 2023 Polity and Governance

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  • Grameen Udyami Scheme was launched to expand skill training in tribal communities for their inclusive and sustainable growth.
    • Under the programme, the initiative was taken to provide multiple skills to India’s youth and impart practical skills to them for enabling livelihoods.
  • Main Objectives of the scheme;
    • Increase in Rural/Local Economy.
    • Enhance employment opportunities.
    • Reduce forced migration due to a lack of local opportunities.
    • Conservation of natural resources.
  • The overall aim is to expand the rural/local economy, enhance employment opportunities, reduce forced migration and also lead to the conservation of natural resources.
    • Transportation, boarding & lodging during the learning period is provided to candidates
    • The training under the project will be conducted in the Job roles which are relevant to the local economy.
  • It is funded by National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC) that aims to train tribal students in 6 states: Maharashtra, Rajasthan, Chhattisgarh, Madhya Pradesh, Jharkhand, and Gujarat.

Major programmes for rural development:

  • Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA) for providing wage employment,
  • National Rural Livelihoods Mission (NRLM) for self-employment and skill development.
  • Housing for All: Pradhan Mantri Awaas Yojana (PMAYG) for providing housing to BPL households,
  • Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana (PMGSY) for the construction of quality roads.
  • National Social Assistance Programme (NSAP) for social pension.
  • Shyama Prasad Mukherjee RURBAN Mission (SPMRM) for the development of a cluster of villages that preserve and nurture the essence of rural community life with a focus on equity and inclusiveness without compromising with the facilities perceived to be essentially urban.
  • Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Grameen Kaushalya Yojana (DDUGKY) to transform rural poor youth into an economically independent and globally relevant workforce.
  • Mission Antyodaya to bring optimum use and management of resources allocated by several Ministries/ Departments.
  • Sansad Adarsh Gram Yojana (SAGY) for holistic development of the identified Gram Panchayats, leading to sustainable improvement in Standard of Living.
  • Swachchh Bharat Mission to provide access to every person to sanitation facilities including toilets, solid and liquid waste disposal systems, village cleanliness and safe and adequate drinking water supply.
  • National Rural Health Mission to provide accessible, affordable and accountable quality health services even to the poorest households in the remotest rural regions.

Major Programme for the development of Tribal Communities:

  • The Pre and Post Matric schemes are demand-based schemes and every ST student whose family income is up to Rs 2.5 lakhs is entitled to a scholarship for pursuing education from class IX to Post Doctorate across India.
    • The states send the proposal for the estimated expenditure during the financial year based on the expenditure incurred in previous years and advance up to 50% of the Central share is released to the States.
    • After the State has disbursed the scholarship to the students and has submitted certificates, the balance amount is released to the State provided the State has contributed its share.
  • Pradhan Mantri Adi Adarsh Gram Yojna:
    • Comprehensive development of 36,428 villages will be undertaken to develop these villages as Adarsh Gram, under ‘Pradhan Mantri Aadi Adarsh Gram Yojana’.
    • These villages have a tribal population of more than 500 and are 50% tribal.
  • Pradhan Mantri Janjatiya Vikas Mission
    • The Mission seeks to achieve livelihood-driven tribal development in the next five years through the formation of Van Dhan groups that have been organized into Vandhan Kendras.
    • New haats bazaar and warehouses will be developed in the next 5 years as part of “Atmanirbhar Bharat Abhyan”.
    • TRIFED would be the nodal agency for implementing the scheme. The products produced will be marketed through Tribe India Stores.
  • Venture Capital Fund for STs
    • An amount of Rs. 50 cr. has been sanctioned for the new scheme of ‘Venture Capital Fund for Scheduled Tribes’ (VCF-ST), which is aimed at promoting Entrepreneurship among the STs.
    • The VCF-ST scheme would be a social sector initiative to promote ST entrepreneurship and to support and incubate the start-up ideas of ST youth.
  • Central Sector Scholarship Scheme for ST students was introduced in the academic year 2007-08 to encourage meritorious ST students for pursuing studies at the Degree and Postgraduate level in any of the Institutes identified by the Ministry of Tribal Affairs for the purpose.
  • Vocational Training Centers in Tribal Areas
    • The main aim of this scheme is to upgrade the skills of the tribal youth in various traditional/ modern vocations depending upon their educational qualification, present economic trends and the market potential, which would enable them to gain suitable employment or enable them to become self-employed.