Daily News Analysis

Chandra Shekhar Azad

23rd July, 2021 Modern history


  • Prime Minister, Shri Narendra Modi has paid tributes to Chandra Shekhar Azad on his Jayanti.



  • Chandra Shekhar Azad was an Indian revolutionary who reorganised the Hindustan Republican Association (HRA) under its new name of Hindustan Socialist Republican Association (HSRA).
  • Political Ideology: Liberalism, Socialism, and Anarchism


HRA was a revolutionary organization established in 1924 by Sachindra Nath Sanyal, Narendra Mohan Sen and Pratul Ganguly. It was an offshoot of Anushilan Samiti. Members: Bhagat Singh, Chandra Shekhar Azad, Sukhdev, Ram Prasad Bismil, Roshan Singh, Ashfaqulla Khan, Rajendra Lahiri.


HSRA was established in 1928 at Feroz Shah Kotla in New Delhi by Chandra Shekhar Azad, Ashfaqulla Khan, Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev Thapar and Jogesh Chandra Chatterjee.


  • In December 1921, Mahatma Gandhi launched the non-cooperation movement. Azad took part in the movement and he was arrested by the British. When Azad was produced before a judge, he gave his name as "Azad" which means "free" in Urdu.
  • He was involved in
  1. Kakori Train Robbery of 1925,
  2. the shooting of J. P. Saunders at Lahore in 1928 to avenge the killing of Lala Lajpat Rai, and,
  • attempt to blow up the Viceroy of India's train in 1929.
  • He used to fondly recite a Hindustani couplet, his only poetic composition: 'Dushman ki goliyon ka hum saamna karenge. Azad hi rahein hain, azad hi rahenge'