IAS Gyan

Daily News Analysis

Phenomenon of high casualties among police personnel must be probed and addressed

15th July, 2020 Editorial

Two Major incidents of police atrocities:

  • Two Haryana Police constables were murdered.
  • Eight police personnel of Uttar Pradesh police were killed in the line of duty in the Vikas Dubey case.


  • Death of more than 35000 soldiers in 1947-2019 periods.

Reasons behind it:

  • Inadequate training: As per Lokniti Survey, only 6.4 per cent of police constables had received training in the last five years and this number has constantly decreased over the years.
  • Fatigue among police personnel:
    • Police personnel, on average, remain on duty for more than 13 to 14 hours.
    • Fatigue has been negatively associated with reaction time, watchfulness, focus, situational awareness and psychometric synchronisation.
  • Stress :
    • Job Stress
    • Situational Stress
  • Inadequate preparation for low probability events
  • Underestimation of the threats
  • A lack of special drills and greater reliance on district police instead of special units such as armed battalions and STF (special task force).
  • Reduced force visibility
  • Fear of collateral damage: police personnel are usually very reticent in using firearms in neighbourhood operations as it may result in damage to civilian life and property.
  • Breach of confidentiality within the force: Criminals having prior access to information make the police’s task more difficult.

Way Forward:

  • Increased emphasis on training,
  • Psychological assessments,
  • Creation of specialised units,
  • Positive reinforcement,
  • Motivation contagion modules,
  • Separate legal insurance,
  • Increase in Police Personnel
  • Bringing 8 hour duty culture in the police force

Reference: https://indianexpress.com/article/opinion/columns/police-killed-in-line-of-duty-casualty-rate-6505954/