IAS Gyan

Daily News Analysis


11th January, 2023 Social Issues

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  • The Prime Minister of India will participate in the 26th National Youth Festival in Hubbali, Karnataka on 12th January 2023.
    • The programme will be organised on National Youth Day, which is celebrated on the birth anniversary of Swami Vivekanand, to honour and cherish his ideals, teachings and contributions.
  • The Theme of the 2022 Festival is “Viksit Yuva - Viksit Bharat”.
  • The main objective is to nourish talented youth at the national level and galvanize them towards nation-building.
  • As part of the Festival, Youth Summit will be organized based on 5 themes;
    • Future of work, Industry, Innovation and 21st Century Skills.
    • Climate change and disaster risk reduction.
    • Peacebuilding and Reconciliation.
    • Shared future youth in democracy and governance.
    • Health & Well-being.

The Ministry of Youth Affairs and Sports has published a new draft of the National Youth Policy:

  • The new draft of the National Youth Policy presents a roadmap of 10 years for youth development that India would like to achieve by 2030.
  • The objectives of the draft policy are aligned with Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).
  • It aims to unlock the potential of youth to promote sustainable development in India.
  • The draft seeks to ensure youth development in 5 priority areas;
    • Career opportunities and life skills for young people.
    • Employment and entrepreneurship.
    • Youth leadership and development.
    • Health, fitness and sports.
    • Social justice.

  • The policy aims to promote the education system in sync with National Education Policy, 2020 to ensure;
    • Career opportunities and life skills for young people.
    • To ensure access to sustainable livelihood opportunities.
    • Encourages youth to revive the rural economy.
    • Generate employment via regional-specific strategies.
    • Promote entrepreneurship and social entrepreneurship among youth.
    • Support the informal and emerging gig economy.
  • Encourage the inclusion of marginalized and disadvantaged youths in volunteering and leadership opportunities.
  • Ensure the health and well-being of the youth, especially young women of reproductive age by strengthening preventative healthcare.
    • Special care for mental health and sexual and reproductive health issues.
  • Mobilizing technology and data to improve healthcare delivery to ensure access to quality healthcare.
  • Empower the youth and ensure their safety.
  • Strengthen the legal system for the quick delivery of justice.
  • Special efforts to ensure social justice for marginalized and vulnerable youths.

Recently the Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation released the ‘Youth in India 2022’ report:

  • The Report highlights that the population share of the youth in India is now declining and the share of the elderly population is expected to increase during 2021-2036.
  • The Report mentioned that the declining fertility rate has resulted in an increasing concentration of the population of working age (25-64 years).
  • The youth population is expected to decline in the latter half of the 2021-2036 period.
    • The total youth population was around 4 million in 2021 and it is projected to decrease to 345.5 million by 2036.
  • The Proportion of youth to the total population had increased from 6% in 1991 to 27.9% in 2016 and it is projected to decline and reach 22.7 % by the year 2036.
  • The proportion of the elderly population was 9.2% in 2016 and it is projected to reach 14.9% in 2036.
  • States such as Kerala, Tamil Nadu and Himachal Pradesh would see a higher elderly population than youth by 2036.
  • Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh and Rajasthan, are projected to have over half (52%) of the country’s youth by 2036.