IAS Gyan

Daily News Analysis


5th September, 2022 EXTRA TOPIC OF THE DAY

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In News

  • Recently, some pilgrims offered prayers inside the Martand Temple in the Kashmir Valley of Jammu and Kashmir.
    • It is an Archaeological Survey of India-protected (ASI) monument.
  • Recently, Jammu and Kashmir Lieutenant Governor participated in a ‘Navgrah Ashtamangalam Puja’ inside the Martand Temple.
    • The ASI objected and highlighted that no permission was granted for the ceremony.


  • The Temple was built by the Karkota dynasty king Lalitaditya Muktapida, who ruled Kashmir from 725 AD to 753 AD.
    • The temple is dedicated to Martand, the Sun god.
  • The temple had mighty grey stone walls, and its courtyard was filled with river water.
    • The central courtyard was initially filled with water supplied by a canal from the river Lidar.
    • The temple walls are built of “huge blocks of evenly dressed grey limestone by making use of lime mortar.”
  • The Temple has three distinct chambers: The mandapa, the garbhagriha, and the antralaya—probably the only three-chambered temple in Kashmir.
  • The temple is built in a unique Kashmiri style, but the temple is also influenced by Classical Greco-Roman, Buddhist-Gandharan, and North Indian styles.
  • Some of the walls bear clear carvings of deities.
  • The temple is ringed by a row of pillars—the peristyle common in Kashmiri temple architecture.
  • Some historians believe that the Temple is believed to be demolished by Sultan Sikandar Shah Miri, who ruled Kashmir from 1389 to 1413, although several historians hold a different opinion.
    • Many historians blame earthquakes, faults in the temple’s masonry, and the simple passage of time in an area prone to weather excesses.