IAS Gyan

Daily News Analysis


10th July, 2019

SC to decide if illegal migrants can be given the status of refugees

News Important for: GS paper – 3 I International Relations, Neighbourhood policy


The Supreme Court will examine whether illegal immigrants can even be considered for ‘refugee’ status.


  • The move comes as the bench was hearing a petition against government move of deporting 40,000 rohingyas back to Myanmar inspite of severe discrimination and misery faced by them there.
  • The National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) had even issued notice to the government on the proposed deportation.
  • The move violated India’s commitment to International Convention that recognises the principle of non-refoulement.
  • The UNHRC report of 2016 on rights violations and abuses against Rohingya Muslims and other minorities in Myanmar had noted successive patterns of serious rights violations, violations to the right to life, liberty and security of the Rohingya by State security forces and other officials in Myanmar.
  • The violations included summary executions, enforced disappearance, arbitrary arrest and detention, torture and ill-treatment, forced labour, arbitrary arrest and detention of hundreds of Rohingya, including women and children.


More about Rohingyas

  • Rohingyas are Buddhists community who fled to India after violence in the State of Rakhine in Myanmar, are settled in Jammu, Hyderabad, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh, Delhi-NCR and Rajasthan.
  • They were deported back to Myanmar on the basis of national security and claims that they are illegal migrants.
  • the 40,000-odd Rohingya were registered and recognised by the UNHCR in 2016 and granted refugee identity cards

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DRDO gets clearance for missile test facility in A.P.

News Important for: GS paper – 3 I Defence and technology


The Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change has granted environmental clearance for setting missile testing launch facility.


  • The clearance has been granted on the basis that the project is a strategic requirement and of national importance and cannot be located anywhere else.
  • It is thus exempted from the public hearing as per EIA notification 2016.
  • The MoEFCC has also placed 11 conditions, including preparation of Oil Contingency Management Plan and Disaster Management Plan, before the commencement of the construction of the project. 
  • The DRDO has proposed to set up the project on 154.4 hectares in Krishna Wildlife Sanctuary in Krishna district.

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Full rehearsal for Chandrayaan - 2 conducted


Indian space research organisation will conduct the rehearsal operation of Chandrayaan-2.


  • The full ­dress rehearsal was conducted at ISRO’s launch centre at Sriharikota in Andhra Pradesh.
  • This is done a week before the launch of India’s second lunar mission in 11 years.
  • Only Russia, the U.S. and China have soft ­landed on moon so far. 

More about Chandrayaan-2:

  • Chandrayaan­2 is designed to place a lander and a robotic rover near the lunar South Pole, a site that has not been explored by any country yet.
  • Chandrayaan will take of July 15th and will land on the moon on the 6th of September.
  • Soon after the launch, the spacecraft of the orbiter carrying the lander rover combine together must complete five orbit raising manoeuvres around the earth.
  • It will leave the planet’s atmosphere 16 days later, around early August.
  • The journey to the moon, some 3.84 lakh kilometres away from the earth, will take five days.
  • It will be launched by ISRO heavy lift rocket GSLV MkIII.

‘UN report backs India’s stand on Pak.-based militant groups’

News Important for: GS paper – 2 I International Relations and Neighbourhood policy 


After India rejected the ‘Update’ of the UN Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) report on Jammu and Kashmir, activists are asking India to not reject the report entirely.


  • The activists are requesting the govt to engage with this process to acknowledge the violations, take steps towards accountability, and call for Pakistan to ensure and end to militant abuses.
  • Whereas the government maintains that its objections to the OHCHR report are based on human rights violations the report has accused India of.
  • Other activists point out that the OHCHR report includes certain new references to human rights violations by militant groups which are in the interest of India. For example: taking note of child soldiers being used by militant groups by UN, taking note of Kashmiri groups been charged with sedition and arrested in both Pakistan occupied Kashmir (PoK) and Islamabad.
  • The OHCHR report also mentions that Jaish-e-Mohammad, Hizbul Mujahideen and Lashkar-e-Taiba had all been accused of recruiting and deploying child soldiers in Indian-Administered Kashmir.
  • It also blamed Pakistani intelligence officials for threatening those who criticise the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) projects in Gilgit Baltistan, and for “disappearances of journalists and activists in Pakistan-occupied Kashmir and G-B.
  • It criticised Pakistani authorities for charging 19 activists of the Jammu and Kashmir Liberation Front with “treason” for organising a rally in Kotli area of Azad Jammu and Kashmir, that demanded both Pakistan and India should “leave Kashmir”, and for a series of cases against other students groups and journalists. 

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Manual scavenging deaths continue, 88 in past 3 years

News Important for: GS paper – 2 I Union and state and their responsibilities. 


Despite the manual scavenging law the cases of death has been reported in many states.


  • The number of deaths of sanitation workers while cleaning septic tanks and sewers has risen, despite a ban on manual scavenging.
  • 620 cases have been reported since 1993, of which 88 occurred in the past three years, according to the ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment.
  • Tamil Nadu had the highest number of sewer deaths with 144 cases, followed by Gujarat with 131.
  • There have been many cases where states do not report the instance even after mandatory recommendation in Manual Scavenging act, 2013.

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