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HYDROELECTRIC POWER IN INDIA

10th June, 2021 Prelims

 

Introduction

  • India is 5th globally for installed hydroelectric power capacity.
  • As of 31 March 2020, India's installed utility-scale hydroelectric capacity was 46,000 MW, or 12.3% of its total utility power generation capacity.
  • Additional smaller hydroelectric power units with a total capacity of 4,683 MW (1.3% of its total utility power generation capacity) have been installed.
  • India's hydroelectric power potential is estimated at 148,700 MW.
  • The hydro-electric power plants at Darjeeling and Shivanasamudram were established in 1898 and 1902,
  • They were among the first in Asia and India has been a dominant player in global hydroelectric power development.
  • India also imports surplus hydroelectric power from Bhutan.
  • Small hydropower, defined to be generated at facilities with capacities up to 25 MW, comes under the ambit of the Ministry of New and Renewable energy (MNRE)
  • Large hydro, defined as above 25 MW, comes under the ambit of Ministry of Power.

List of Hydroelectric Power Plants in India

Station

Name of River

State/UT

Lower Jhelum

Jhelum

Kashmir

Salal

Chenab

Kashmir

Uri

Jhelum

Kashmir

Upper Sindh II

Sindh nallah

Kashmir

Shanan

Uhi

Himachal Pradesh

Bhakra LB

Sutlej

Himachal Pradesh

Bhakra RB

Sutlej

Himachal Pradesh

Bassi

Uhi

Himachal Pradesh

Dehar

Beas

Himachal Pradesh

Giri

Giri

Himachal Pradesh

Pong

Beas

Himachal Pradesh

Baira Siul

Baira/Siul

Himachal Pradesh

Sanjay Bhaba

Bhabha Khad

Himachal Pradesh

Chamera I

Ravi

Himachal Pradesh

Malana

Malana

Himachal Pradesh

Baspa II

Baspa

Himachal Pradesh

Nathpa Jhakri

Sutlej

Himachal Pradesh

Ganguwal & Kotla

Sutlej

Punjab

UBDC

Ravi

Punjab

Mukerian

Beas

Punjab

Anandpur Sahib

Sutlej

Punjab

Ranjit Sagar

Ravi

Punjab

Rana Pratap Sagar

Chambal

Rajasthan

Jawahar Sagar

Chambal

Rajasthan

Mahi 

Mahi

Rajasthan

Dhalipur

Yamuna

Uttaranchal

Chibro

Tons

Uttaranchal

Ramganga

Ramganga

Uttaranchal

Chilla

Ganga

Uttaranchal

Khodri

Tons

Uttaranchal

Maneri Bhali I

Bhagirathi

Uttaranchal

Tanakpur

Sarda

Uttaranchal

Rihand

Rihand

Uttar Pradesh

Obra

Rihand

Uttar Pradesh

Khara

Ashan

Uttar Pradesh

Gandhisagar

Chambal

Madhya Pradesh

Bargi

Narmada

Madhya Pradesh

Bansagar Tons I

Tons

Madhya Pradesh

Bansagar Tons III

Sone

Madhya Pradesh

Hasdeo Bango

Hasdeo

Chhatisgarh

Ukai

Tapi

Gujarat

Kadana

Mahi

Gujarat

Khopoli

Ganga

Maharashtra

Bhivpuri

Andhra

Maharashtra

Bhira

Mula  & Neela

Maharashtra

Koyna I & II

Koyna

Maharashtra

Koyna III

Koyna

Maharashtra

Vaitarna

Vaitarna & Aliwandi

Maharashtra

Pench

Pench

Maharashtra

Tillari

Tillari

Maharashtra

Bhira Tail race

Bhira & Kundlika

Maharashtra

Bhira PS

Mula & Nila

Maharashtra

Sileru

Sileru

Andhra Pradesh

Nagarjunsagar

Krishna

Andhra Pradesh

Srisailam

Krishna

Andhra Pradesh

Nagarjunsagar

Krishna

Andhra Pradesh

Srisailam LB

Krishna

Andhra Pradesh

Mahatma Gandhi (Jog Falls)

Sharavathy

Karnataka

Sharavathy

Sharavathy

Karnataka

Linganamakki

Sharavathy

Karnataka

Kalinadi

Kalinadi

Karnataka

Supa

Kalinadi

Karnataka

Varahi

Varahi

Karnataka

Kadra

Kalinadi

Karnataka

Kodasalli

Kalinadi

Karnataka

Pykara Singara

Pykara & Mukuthy

Tamil Nadu

Periyar

Periyar

Tamil Nadu

Kundah IV

Bhavani

Tamil Nadu

Mettur Tunnel

Cauvery

Tamil Nadu

Aliyar

Aliyar

Tamil Nadu

Kodayar I

Kodayar

Tamil Nadu

Sholayar I

Sholayar

Tamil Nadu

Kadamparai

Kadamparai

Tamil Nadu

Mettur

Cauvery

Tamil Nadu

Sholayar

Sholayar

Kerala

Sabarigiri

Pamba & Kakki

Kerala

Kuttiyadi

Kuttiyadi

Kerala

Idukki

Periyar & Killivally

Kerala

Idamalayar

Idamalayar

Kerala

Lower Periyar

Periyar

Kerala

Kakkad

Moozhiyar Veluthode

Kerala

Panchet Hill

Damodar

Bihar

Subarnarekha I & II

Subarnarekha

Jharkhand

Machkund

Machkund

Orissa

Hirakud 

Mahanadi

Orissa

Balimela

Sileru

Orissa

Rengali

Brahmni

Orissa

Upper Kolab

Kolab

Orissa

Upper Indravati

Indravati

Orissa

Maithon

Barakar

West Bengal

Rammam II

Rammam

West Bengal

Teesta canal I/II/III

Mahananda

West Bengal

Rangit III

Greater Rangit

Sikkim

Khandong

Kopili

Sikkim

Kopili

Umrong nallah

Assam

Umiam 

Umiam

Meghalaya

Ranganadi

Ranganadi

Arunachal Pradesh

Doyang

Doyang

Nagaland

Loktak

Loktak

Manipur

Pykara Ult.

Moyar

Tamil Nadu

Chamera II

Ravi

Himachal Pradesh

Tehri I

Bhagirathi

Uttarakhand

Dhauliganga

Dhauliganga

Uttarakhand

Almati

Krishna

Karnataka

Bhavani Barrage I/ II/ III

Bhavani/Cauveri

Tamil Nadu

Dulhasti

Chenab

Kashmir

Sewa II

Sewa Ravi

Kashmir

Baglihar

Chenab

Kashmir

Sawalkot

Chenab

Kashmir

Larji

Beas

Himachal Pradesh

Dhamai Sunda

Pabar

Himachal Pradesh

Rampur

Sutlej

Himachal Pradesh

Keshang I

Sutlej

Himachal Pradesh

Koldam

Sutlej

Himachal Pradesh

Parbati II

Parbati/Beas

Himachal Pradesh

Koteshwar

Bhagirathi

Uttaranchal

Maneri Bhali II

Bhagirathi

Uttaranchal

Lakhvar Vyasi I/II

Yamuna

Uttaranchal

Vishnu Prayag

Alaknanda

Uttaranchal

Srinagar

Alaknanda

Uttaranchal

Indira Sagar

Narmada

Madhya Pradesh

Omkareshwar

Narmada

Madhya Pradesh

Maheshwar

Narmada

Madhya Pradesh

Sardar Sarovar

Narmada

Gujarat

Ghatgar (PS)

Pravara

Maharashtra

Priyadarshini Jurala

Krishna

Andhra Pradesh

Kutiadi Augm

Kutiadi

Kerala

Balimela

Sileru Balimela

Orissa

Purulia PS

Kishtobazar nallah

West Bengal

Teesta Dam III

Teesta

West Bengal

Teesta V

Teesta

Sikkim

Karbi Langpi

Borpani

Assam

Myntdu

Myntdu

Meghalaya

Loktak 

Loktak

Manipur

Tuirial

Tuirial

Mizoram

Bairabi

Dhaleshwari

Mizoram

 

Pointers

Koyna Hydroelectric Project: Largest hydroelectric power plant in India. Power capacity: 1960 MW.

Shivanasamudra hydroelectric power station: First hydroelectric power station

Tehri Hydro Electric Power plant: Highest hydroelectric power project in the country.

Nathpa Jhakri Hydroelectric Power Plant: Biggest underground hydroelectric power project in the country.

Sardar Sarovar Dam : World’s second-largest concrete dam.