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The recent drone strikes conducted by Russia on ports and grain storage facilities along the Danube river in Ukraine.
- Russia conducted drone strikes on Ukrainian ports and grain storage facilities along the Danube river.
- The Danube delta provided an alternative route for Ukrainian grain after Russia exited the Black Sea grain deal.
Significance of the Danube Delta
- The Danube delta offers a trade route for Ukrainian grain shipments after the Black Sea grain deal.
- The deal facilitated secure passage for cargo ships from Ukrainian Black Sea ports (Odessa, Chornomorsk, Pivdennyi) via the Danube delta.
Importance of the Sulina Channel
- The Sulina Channel, a 63 km distributary of the Danube, is crucial for the 'new' trade route.
- It connects major Ukrainian river ports to the Black Sea, entirely within Romania's borders (a NATO member).
Ukraine's Grain Export and Economic Dependency
- Ukraine is a significant global grain exporter, known as the "breadbasket of Europe."
- Its economy heavily relies on agricultural exports, making the grain trade vital.
Trade Route Path and Operation
- The Danube river's role in freight movement is historical and important.
- The Sulina Channel is the only deep and wide channel suitable for freight transport.
- Ships carrying grain depart from Ukrainian ports (Izmail, Reni), head to Sulina, then to Constanta, Romania's major seaport.
- From Constanta, grain is transferred to larger ships for Black Sea to Mediterranean transit under NATO protection.
Challenges and Constraints
- Russian targeting of Ukrainian ports and grain facilities threatens the route's stability.
- Ukrainian ports' capacity to handle sudden grain volume is limited due to reliance on rail and Black Sea ports.
- Congestion at the mouth of the Sulina Channel leads to significant shipping delays.
Proposed Solutions and Considerations
- Romania's transport minister suggests transporting grain from Ukraine to Romanian ports via rail.
- This solution may incur financial losses for Ukraine due to loading fees and expenses.
- Congestion issues at the Sulina Channel's mouth contribute to shipping delays.
Vulnerability and Potential Solutions
- Russian attacks on Ukrainian grain facilities raise concerns about the trade route's viability.
- The Danube delta's significance for Ukraine's grain export underscores the need for security measures and capacity enhancements.
- Exploring alternative transportation methods and addressing congestion can contribute to maintaining grain exports and economic stability for Ukraine.
Q) Consider the following statements:
Select the correct answer using the codes below:
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2