IAS Gyan

Daily News Analysis


8th August, 2023 Geography

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The ongoing severe floods in Slovenia, which are described as the worst natural disaster the country has experienced since gaining independence in 1991.


  • The ongoing floods in Slovenia, occurring in August 2023, have been declared as the worst natural disaster the country has faced since gaining independence in 1991.
  • Prime Minister Robert Golob emphasized the severity of the floods, surpassing even the destructive incidents of 1998 and 2004.

Magnitude of the Disaster

  • Slovenia witnessed an extraordinary rainfall of over 200 millimeters within a span of 12 hours from August 3-4, 2023, a record-breaking event noted by meteorologist Brane Gregorcic.
  • The torrential rains led to flooding that affected approximately two-thirds of the country, leaving several areas cut off and necessitating evacuations.
  • The floodwaters caused major roads and rail lines to be closed, hampering transportation and isolating regions.

Response and Action Taken

  • Key government officials, including the Minister of Defence, Minister of the Interior, Commander of Civil Protection, and hydrologist, convened to address the situation.
  • Slovenia sought assistance through the EU Civil Protection Mechanism, collaborating with neighboring countries for support and aid.

Impact and Causes

  • Experts attribute the extreme weather conditions and resulting floods, at least in part, to climate change and its effects.
  • The estimated damage caused by these floods, the worst in the country's history, amounts to around €500 million.

Legislative Response and Amendments

  • In response to the calamity, the Slovenian government swiftly amended the Natural Disaster Recovery Act to facilitate relief and recovery.
  • The amendment allows for the allocation of advanced funds to affected municipalities, up to 20% of the preliminary assessed damages, for emergency remedial action.

About Slovenia

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  • Slovenia is a European country located in Central Europe, bordered by Italy to the west, Austria to the north, Hungary to the northeast, and Croatia to the south and southeast.
  • It gained independence from Yugoslavia in 1991 and has since developed into a prosperous and diverse nation.

Geography and Climate

  • Slovenia's diverse landscape includes the Julian Alps, forests, lakes, and a small coastline along the Adriatic Sea.
  • The climate varies from Alpine in the north to Mediterranean on the coast, with continental influences in the interior.

Economy and Development

  • Slovenia has a well-developed economy with a strong focus on industry, services, and tourism.
  • The country is known for its high-quality wines, agriculture, and traditional crafts.
  • Membership in the European Union and the Eurozone has contributed to its economic growth and stability.

Culture and Heritage

  • Slovenia has a rich cultural heritage, influenced by its history and geographical location.
  • The capital city, Ljubljana, boasts a charming old town, historic architecture, and vibrant cultural scene.
  • Traditional festivals, folk music, and dance are an integral part of Slovenian culture.

Natural Disasters and Challenges

  • Slovenia is vulnerable to natural disasters such as floods, earthquakes, and landslides due to its varied topography.
  • The recent severe floods in August 2023 have been described as the worst disaster since the country's independence.

Environmental Concerns and Climate Change

  • Climate change is contributing to more frequent and severe extreme weather events, including heavy rainfall and flooding.
  • Slovenia, like many other countries, is grappling with the challenges posed by climate change and its impact on natural disasters.

International Cooperation and Support

  • Slovenia has engaged with the EU Civil Protection Mechanism and sought assistance from neighboring countries to cope with the devastating floods.
  • The country's response reflects the importance of international collaboration in managing and mitigating the effects of disasters.


Q) Consider the following statements regarding Slovenia:

  1. Slovenian is the only official language spoken in the country.
  2. The country has a Mediterranean coastline along the Adriatic Sea.

Select the correct statements using the codes below:

(a)    1 only

(b)    2 only

(c)     Both 1 and 2

(d)    Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: (b)