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- A new species of jumping spider has been discovered from the Shendurney Wildlife Sanctuary.
- It has been named Pancorius sebastiani.
About the new species
- The new species, belongs to the jumping spider genus Pancorius Simon, 1902, and Salticidae family.
- It has been named Pancorius sebastiani after the late spider taxonomist P.A. Sebastian in recognition of his valuable contributions to Indian arachnology.
- The Pancorius genus of Asian jumping spiders is primarily distributed in southeast Asia.
- While its distribution was hitherto limited to the east and northeastern regions in India, the new species is the first to be reported from the south.
- The distribution, the researchers point out, appears to be discontinuous, raising doubts if they are limited to those regions.
- An analysis of Salticidae species in the country shows that only two States, West Bengal and Tamil Nadu, have reported high numbers
- Harbouring biodiversity hotspots like the Western Ghats and northeastern India have relatively few numbers of species.
- The males and the females of Pancorius sebastiani exhibit reddish brown carapace, yellowish abdomen with black patches and chevron-shaped markings posteromedially.
All about Shendurney Wildlife Sanctuary
- Shendurney Wildlife Sanctuary is a protected area in the Western Ghats.
- It is located in Kollam district of Kerala and comes under the control of the Agasthyamalai Biosphere Reserve.
- It was established on 25 August 1984.
- The name is a corruption of the Chengurinji, a tree endemic to the region (Gluta travancorica).
- The sanctuary has an artificial lake surrounded by the reservoir of Thenmala Dam.
- Tropical evergreen and semi-evergreen forest cover a major area of the sanctuary.
- It has a presence of lion-tailed macaque, a highly endangered species.
- A brood of the highly elusive nocturnal forest bird, the Great Eared Nightjar was spotted for the first time at Shendurney Wildlife Sanctuary.
- The first eco-tourism project in India, Thenmala Eco-tourism Project has been formulated in and around Shenduruney Wildlife Sanctuary.
- Another important aspect of the Shendurnani Sanctuary is that there are no sandalwood trees here.
Q. Recently, Pancorius sebastiani was in the news. What is it?
A. A new species of jumping spider
B. A newly described anemone species
C. New species of maned sloth
D. A new-to-science frog species
Choose the correct code.
Q. Consider the following statements with reference to Shendurney Wildlife Sanctuary.
1.It has a presence of lion-tailed macaque, a highly endangered species.
2.There are no sandalwood trees here.
3.The first eco-tourism project in India has been formulated in and around Shenduruney Wildlife Sanctuary.
How many of the above statements are incorrect?
A) Only 1
B) Only 2
C) All 3
Answer: D) None