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Ladakh’s Sea Buckthorn

20th November, 2023 Environment

Ladakh’s Sea Buckthorn

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  • Ladakh’s Sea Buckthorn fruit has got the Geographical Indication (GI) tag.


  • The Geographical Indication Registry, under the Ministry of Commerce & Industry, has officially granted the GI tag to the Department of Industries & Commerce, Ladakh and approved it as the Registered Proprietor for ‘Ladakh Sea Buckthorn’ in Class 31. This is the fourth GI Tag for Ladakh.
  • Earlier, Ladakh Pashmina, Apricot (Raktse Carpo species) and Ladakhi wood carvings also received the GI tags.

Sea Buckthorn

  • Sea Buckthorn (Hippophae L) is a wonder plant of Ladakh and named ‘Leh Berry’ produces small orange or yellow coloured berries that are sour in taste but rich in vitamins, especially Vitamin C.
  • It is a deciduous shrub in the family Elaeagnaceae.
  • Many Sea Buckthorn products have nutritional and medicinal value.
  • It is naturally distributed over 11,500 hectares in the Ladakh region.
  • The shrub can withstand extreme temperatures from minus 43 degrees Celsius to 40 degrees Celsius and is considered drought-resistant. These two characteristics make the shrub an ideal plant species to establish in cold deserts.
  • Sea Buckthorn berries have a unique characteristic of remaining intact on the shrub throughout the winter months despite of the subzero temperature.
  • Many bird species feed on the berries when other source of food is limited in the region.
  • The leaves serve as protein-rich fodder for cold desert animals like sheep, goats, donkeys, cattle, and double-hump camels.
  • The thorny and bushy growth of the shrub provides a protective shelter for flora and fauna thereby maintaining the fragile ecosystem of the cold arid region.
  • Sea Buckthorn has been judiciously used by people living in the cold deserts.
  • Due to the scarcity of resources, Sea Buckthorn has been used traditionally for a variety of purposes.
  • Every part of the plant – fruit, leaf, twig, root, and thorns has been traditionally used as medicine, nutritional supplement, fuel and fence, and therefore, Sea Buckthorn is popularly known as ‘Wonder Plant’, ‘Ladakh Gold’, ‘Golden Bush’ or ‘Gold Mine’ of cold deserts.

READ:  https://www.iasgyan.in/daily-current-affairs/gi-list-updated



Q. Consider the following statements:

1.    Sea Buckthorn is an evergreen shrub in the family Elaeagnaceae.

2.    The shrub can withstand extreme temperatures from minus 43 degrees Celsius to 40 degrees Celsius and is considered drought-resistant.

3.    Recently, Ladakh’s Sea Buckthorn fruit got the Geographical Indication (GI) tag.

How many of the above statements are correct?

A) Only 1

B) Only 2

C) All 3

D) None

Answer: B) Only 2

Statement 1 is incorrect.