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Context: On September 14 every year, India observes Hindi Diwas, also known as Hindi Day, to commemorate the adoption of Hindi in the Devanagari script as one of the official languages of the nation.
- Hindi Day, also known as "Hindi Diwas" in Hindi, is celebrated annually on September 14th in India. This day holds special significance in the country's history as it commemorates the adoption of Hindi as one of India's official languages.
- The Constituent Assembly of India, on September 14, 1949, formally recognized Hindi, written in the Devanagari script, as the official language of India for central government and Union purposes. This decision was enshrined in Article 343 of the Constitution of India.
- Hindi Day is celebrated to honour this pivotal moment in India's linguistic and administrative history. It serves as a reminder of the role Hindi plays in unifying the nation's diverse linguistic and cultural landscape.
- On Hindi Day, various literary and cultural events are organized across the country. These events include poetry recitations, literary discussions, seminars, essay competitions, and cultural performances that showcase the richness of the Hindi language and its contributions to Indian culture.
- Hindi Day is also an opportunity to promote and encourage the use of Hindi in government institutions, education, and everyday life. It emphasizes the importance of preserving and nurturing the Hindi language for future generations.
- As part of the celebrations, the government of India presents two prestigious awards: the Rajbhasha Kirti Puraskar and the Rajbhasha Gaurav Puraskar. These awards are given to ministries, government departments, public sector units (PSUs), nationalized banks, and individuals who have made significant contributions to the promotion and propagation of Hindi.
- Hindi Day is a day of pride and celebration for the Hindi language and its cultural significance in India. It not only commemorates the adoption of Hindi as an official language but also serves as a platform for cultural enrichment and recognition of those who contribute to the promotion of Hindi.
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Q. What is the historical and contemporary significance of the promotion of Hindi as a national language in India? How has this promotion impacted linguistic unity and cultural diversity in the nation? Additionally, what are the key challenges associated with promoting Hindi, and what strategies or measures can be implemented to address these challenges and ensure the continued growth and acceptance of Hindi as a unifying language for India?